FRESHWATER MUSSEL (UNIONOIDA) GENERA OF THE WORLD

Kevin S. Cummings

Illinois Natural History Survey
Center For Biodiversity
Mollusks
607 East Peabody Dr.
Champaign, IL 61820
ksc@mail.inhs.uiuc.edu

The objective of this page is to illustrate (with photographs) all of the "genera" of freshwater mussels (Unionoida) in the world. The genera included are largely those recognized by Haas (1969) with the exception of the North American fauna, which follow Turgeon, et al. (1998). Other deviations from Haas (1969) will be referenced to the new source of information. If anyone spots any errors or misspellings of type localities, type designations, rivers or other geographic names, please let me know and I will make appropriate changes. I plan on adding information on type species for each genus and a list of currently recognized species/taxa in the near future. An example of the kind of added information can be seen in the account for the genus Castalina. If anyone has any comments on how and what type of data to include in these species list sections, please let me know. I am still playing around with the format. Also understand that these pages (like many on the web) are "works in progress" and the data contained in them should be checked to the primary literature to ensure accuracy. Museum Acronyms used in photo captions follow: Systematic Research Collections - Mollusca.

Literature Cited

All photos copyright: Kevin S. Cummings - 1999.

(A - D) (E - H) (I - L) (M - P) (Q - T) (U - Z)


Iheringella Pilsbry, 1893 - South America

Iheringella semisulcata (H. Adams, 1870)
INHS 17843. Rio Matos, Beni, Bolivia.

Type Species: Plagiodon isocardiodes Lea, 1856

Literature Cited
Number of Currently Recognized Taxa (2)


Indonaia Prashad, 1918 - Asia

Indonaia crispata (Gould, 1843)
FMNH 162662. Thailand.

Type Species: Unio caeruleus Lea, 1831

See account for Scabies regarding the identity of this genus and species.

Literature Cited
Number of Currently Recognized Taxa (7)


Inversidens Simpson, 1900 - Asia

Inversidens japanensis (Lea, 1859)
INHS 21575. Japan.

Type Species: Unio brandtii Kobelt, 1879

Literature Cited
Number of Currently Recognized Taxa (7)


Iridina Lamarck, 1819 - Africa

Iridina spekii (Woodward, 1859)
FMNH 52384. Lake Tanganyika, Kampala, Central Africa.

Type Species: Unio brandtii Kobelt, 1879


Lamellidens Simpson, 1900 - Asia

Lamellidens testudinarius (Spengler, 1793)
FMNH 68295. Calcutta, India.

Type Species: Unio marginalis Lamarck, 1819

Type Species: Unio brandtii Kobelt, 1879

Literature Cited
Number of Currently Recognized Taxa (3)


Lamprotula Simpson, 1900 - Asia

Lamprotula leai (Gray, 1834)
FMNH 70924. River Day, Vietnam.

Type Species: Chama plumbea Chemnitz, 1795

Literature Cited
Number of Currently Recognized Taxa (18)


Lamproscapha Swainson, 1840 - South America

Lamproscapha falsa (Simpson, 1900)
INHS 14888. Rio Camoruco, Cojedes, Venezuela.

Type Species: Anodon ensiformis Spix, 1827

Literature Cited
Number of Currently Recognized Taxa (2)


Lampsilis Rafinesque, 1820 - North America

Lampsilis radiata (Gmelin, 1791)
INHS 2032 (male top, female bottom). Wordon Pond, Washington County, Rhode Island.

Type Species: Unio ovatus Say, 1817


Lanceolaria Conrad, 1853 - Asia

Lanceolaria grayana (Lea, 1834)
INHS 20152. Tai Hu Lake, Jiangsu Province, China.

Type Species: Unio grayanus Lea, 1834

Literature Cited
Number of Currently Recognized Taxa (10)


Lasmigona Rafinesque, 1931 - North America

Lasmigona compressa (Lea, 1829)
INHS 8901. East Fork Spoon River, Stark County, Illinois.

Type Species: Alasmidonta costata Rafinesque, 1820


Leguminaia Conrad, 1865 - Asia

Leguminaia wheatleyi (Lea, 1862)
FMNH 21865. Tigris River, Asia Minor.

Type Species: Monocondylaea mardinensis Lea, 1864


Leila Gray, 1840 - South America

Leila blainvilliana (Lea, 1834)
FMNH 127223. Uruguay.

Type Species: Iridina esula d'Orbigny, 1835


Lemiox Rafinesque, 1831 - North America

Lemiox rimosus (Rafinesque, 1831)
INHS 14145. Duck River, Maury County, Tennessee.

Type Species: Eurynia (Lemiox) rimosa Rafinesque, 1831


Lepidodesma Simpson 1896 - Asia

Type Species: Unio languilati Heude, 1874


Leptodea Rafinesque, 1920 - North America

Leptodea fragilis (Rafinesque, 1820)
INHS 8019. Henderson Creek, Henderson County, Illinois.

Type Species: Unio (Leptodea) leptodon Rafinesque, 1820


Lexingtonia Ortmann, 1914 - North America

Lexingtonia dolabelloides (Lea, 1840)
INHS 4343. Duck River, Maury County, Tennessee.

Type Species: Unio subplanus Conrad, 1837


Ligumia Swainson, 1840 - North America

Ligumia subrostrata (Say, 1831)
INHS 5569. Skillet Fork, Marion County, Illinois.

Type Species: Unio rectus Lamarck, 1819


Lortiella Iredale, 1934 - Australia

Lortiella froggatti Iredale, 1934
INHS 16213. Fitzroy River, SW Kimberley, Western Australia.

Type Species: Mycetopus rugatus Sowerby, 1868 [=Lortiella rugata (Sowerby, 1868)] (by original designation).

Original Citation: Iredale, T. 1934. The freshwater mussels of Australia. Australian Zoologist 8:57-78.

Remarks: Although the type species was not designated in a formal manner McMichael & Hiscock (1958:432) pointed out that there was no doubt as to Iredale's (1934) designation of Mycetopus rugatus Sowerby, 1868 as the type species.

Literature Cited



FRESHWATER MUSSEL (UNIONOIDA) GENERA OF THE WORLD

(A - D) (E - H) (I - L) (M - P) (Q - T) (U - Z)