Castalina Ihering 1893

Species List and Synonymy

Taxonomic References: Simpson 1900, 1914; Haas 1969.

Literature Cited
Return to Mussel Genera


1. Castalina martensi von Ihering, 1893

 
Castalina martensi von Ihering, 1891
Anodonta und Glabaris. Zoologischer Anzeiger 14(380):474-484. [477].
Nomen Nudem.
Remarks: Although both Simpson and Haas listed the date as 1891 this species was not formally described until 1893.
 
Castalina martensi von Ihering, 1893
Najaden von S. Paulo und die geographische Verbreitung der Süsswasser-Faunen von Südamerika. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 59(1):45-140. [81].
Figured: von Ihering 1893:81, pl. 2, figs. 5a, i, h.
Lectotype: SMF 3785.
Paralectotypes: BMNH 91.4.13.57-58; CM 61.11127 (6); FMNH 53059, ex. Carnegie Museum Cat. No. 61.11127, Acc. No. 3246, 1955, ex. V. Sterki; MCZ 192368 (8) from H. von Ihering, ex. Putzeys collection; ANSP 61806.
Type Locality: Rio Camaquam, Río Grande do Sul, Brazil.
Remarks: Lectotype selected by Haas 1931:41.
Simpson 1900: Castalina martensi von Ihering, 1891 p. 865.
Haas 1969: Castalina martensi von Ihering, 1891 p. 532.

SMF 3785. Rio Camaquam, Río Grande do Sul, Brazil.

(LECTOTYPE of Castalina martensi von Ihering, 1893)


2. Castalina nehringi von Ihering, 1893

 
Castalina nehringi von Ihering, 1891
Anodonta und Glabaris. Zoologischer Anzeiger 14(380):474-484. [477].
Nomen Nudem.
Remarks: Although both Simpson and Haas listed the date as 1891 this species was not formally described until 1893.
 
Castalina nehringi von Ihering, 1893
Najaden von S. Paulo und die geographische Verbreitung der Süsswasser-Faunen von Südamerika. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 59(1):45-140. [75]
Figured: Pl. 3, fig. 4
Lectotype: SMF 3787.
Paralectotypes: BMNH 1891.4.13.116; CM 61.5118 (2) (Brooks and Brooks 1931:176).
Type Locality: Rio Piracicaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
Remarks: Lectotype selected by Haas 1931:41.
Simpson 1900: Castalina nehringi von Ihering, 1891 p. 865.
Haas 1969: Castalina nehringi von Ihering, 1891 p. 532.

SMF 3787. Rio Piracicaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

(LECTOTYPE of Castalina nehringi von Ihering, 1893)


3. Castalina psammoica (d'Orbigny, 1835)

 
Unio psammoica d'Orbigny, 1835
Synopsis terrestrium et fluviatilium molluscorum, In suo per Americam meridionalem itinere, ab. A. d'Orbigny, collectorum. Magasin de Zoologie (Paris) 5(61-62):1-44. [35]
Figured: d'Orbiny 1846:608, pl. 71, figs. 4-6 or 7?
Lectotype: BMNH 54.12.4.849.
Paralectotypes: BMNH 1854.4.12.849/1-2 (not individually numbered on the shells).
Type Locality: Rio Parana [d'Itaty], provincia Corrientesensi [=Corrientes], Republica Argentina.
Remarks: Label with the lectotype and paralectotypes reads "Syntypes No. 677". Lectotype selected by Johnson, 1971??.
Simpson 1900: Castalina psammoica (d'Orbigny, 1835) p. 866.
Haas 1969: Castalina psammoica (d'Orbigny, 1835) p. 532.

BMNH 54.12.4.849. Rio Parana [d'Itaty], provincia Corrientesensi [=Corrientes], Argentina.

(LECTOTYPE of Unio psammoica d'Orbigny, 1835)


4. Castalina undosa (von Martens, 1885)

 
Castalia undosa von Martens, 1885
Sitzungs-Berichten der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde 8:148-??? [148]
Lectotype: ZMB 37671 ?
Type Locality: [Rio] Piracicaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
Remarks: The data with the "type" (37671) from ZMB reads "Südl. Brasilien C. Nehring, Piracicaba 37671 S". Data written in the shell reads" Flu.. Piracicaba, C. Nehring 1884". Six additional "Syntypes" also bear the same catalogue number as the "type". One of the larger specimens (e) has a label affixed to the shell that reads "Conch. Mitth 42, 2.3" refering to the plate and figure numbers in von Martens 1885. A specimen in the type collection of the USNM (125733) is labeled "Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, Von Mart., B.H. Wright". On the back of the label it reads "This specimen is exactly like the figure of the type. The type loc. is affluente of Rio Tiete, Prov., Sao Paulo, Brazil."
Simpson 1900: Castalina undosa (von Martens, 1885) p. 866.
Haas 1969: Castalina undosa (von Martens, 1885) p. 533.

ZMB 37671. [Rio] Piracicaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil

(LECTOTYPE? of Castalia undosa von Martens, 1885)


5. Castalina orbignyi (Deville & Hupé, 1850)
 
Synonymy:
Unio orbignyi Deville & Hupé, 1850
Description de quelques Coquilles nouvelles provenant de l'expédition de M. de Castelnau. Revue et Magasin de Zoologie Second Series, Tome 2:638-644+ 1 plate. [643]
Figured: pl. 16, fig. 1.
Type: ????
Type Locality: Haut Amazone [=Upper Amazon].
Simpson 1900: Castalina orbignyi (Hupé & Deville, 1850) p. 866.
Haas 1969: Castalina orbignyi (Deville & Hupé, 1850) p. 533.
 
Unio orbignyana Hupé, 1857
Mollusques. pp. 1-103 in F. De Castelnau. Animaux nouveaux ou rares recueillis pendant l'expédition dans les parties centrales de l'Amérique du Sud, de Rio de Janeiro a Lima, et de Lima au Para. Paris. 103 pp + 20 plates. [83]
Figured: pl. 17, fig. 11.
Type Locality: e haut Amazone [=Upper Amazon].
Remarks: This is a misspelling of orbignyi.
Simpson 1900: Castalina orbignyi (Hupé & Deville, 1850) p. 866.
Haas 1969: Castalina orbignyi (Deville & Hupé, 1850) p. 533.
 
 

Literature Cited
Return to Mussel Genera