ASPT NEWSLETTER 9(1) January 1995


ASPT News 1
People 2
Awards and Funding 4
Job Opportunities 6
Organizations 8
Institutions 9
Desiderata 11
Symposia and Meetings 12
Internship 15
Courses 15
Lectures and Workshops 16
Internet News 17
Deaths 18
Flora Projects 21
Book Reviews 23
New Serial 34
New Books 34
Newsletters 40



The 1994 ASPT Membership Directory was distributed with the Society's January 1995 mailing. Additional copies of the directory may be purchased from the ASPT Treasurer, who also encourages members to send any corrections or changes. His address is: Richard J. Jensen, Treasurer, ASPT, Department of Biology, Saint Mary's College, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA. (telephone: 219/ 284-4674; fax: 219/ 284-4716; e-mail: rjensen@saintmarys. edu).

ASPT Newsletter: The numbering and pagination of earlier issues of the ASPT Newsletter are somewhat confused and one issue was misdated. Librarians might wish to take note of the following summary of our publication history:

David A. Young, Editor: Vol. 1(1): 1-12. Fall 1987; Vol. 1(2): 13-20. Spring 1988; Vol. 2(1): 1-10. Fall 1988;[Incorrectly dated "Fall 1989."] Vol. 2(2): 11-20. Spring 1989; Vol. 3(1): 1-8. Fall/Winter 1989-90; Vol. 3(2): 9-14. Spring-Summer 1990; Vol. 4(1): 1-8. Fall 1990.

Warren L. Wagner, Editor: Vol. 5(1&2): 1-5. 1991; Vol. 6(1): 1-7. June 1992.

Laurence J. Dorr, Editor: Vol. 6(2,3&4): 1-20. October 1992; Vol. 7(1): 1-27. January 1993; Vol. 7(2): 1-36. April 1993; Vol. 7(3): 1-24. July 1993; Vol. 7(4): 1-36. October 1993; Vol. 8(1): 1-36. January 1994; Vol. 8(2): 1-36. April 1994; Vol. 8(3): 1-24. July 1994; Vol. 8(4): 1-36. October 1994.

In addition to traditional printed versions of the newsletter, all issues beginning with Vol. 6(2,3&4) have been posted on the Smithsonian Institution's Natural History Gopher Server ( port 70). These electronic versions are identical to the printed versions (except that the ASPT logo, banner, and masthead are omitted) and are available for browsing or searching by key word(s).

In order to make the citation of printed copies easier, we will return to consecutive pagination beginning with the present volume. Inadvertently, I began paginating each number separately when I assumed the position of editor.

Finally, I depend upon many people to get the newsletter out on time. I wish to thank in particular Ellen Farr for computer support, Bernadette Gibbons for secretarial assistance, and John Pruski for proofreading, fact checking, and nagging tardy book reviewers.


The following new addresses have been reported:

Holst, Bruce

Smith, Albert C. & Emma V. Smith
2474 Aha Aina Place, Honolulu, HI 96821, USA.
telephone: 808/ 732-0057


Once again Systematic Botany Monographs (SBM) has been the recipient of a generous gift from Walter Meagher. His donation will be used to support publication of monographs in 1995. Please note that Dr. Christiane Anderson, Editor of SBM, has a new e-mail address: Her postal address, telephone, and fax numbers remain the same.


On 1 July 1994, John H. Beaman became the founding director of the Institute of Biodiversity and Environment Conservation (IBEC) at the new Universiti Malaysia Sarawak. He plans to serve in this position for two years, while continuing his research on the flora of Mount Kinabalu. His new address is: IBEC, UNIMAS, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia. (telephone: [60] 82/ 671 000 ext. 259; fax: [60] 82/ 671 123; e-mail:

As of the end of January 1995, Dr. John R. Busby will be the Head of Biodiversity Information Management at the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. He previously was Associate Director of the Environmental Resources Information Network (ERIN) in Canberra, Australia. His new address will be: World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 219 Huntingdon Rd., Cambridge CB3 0DL, United Kingdom. (telephone: [44] 223/ 277314; fax: [44] 223/ 277136; e-mail: John.Busby@wcmc.

Dr. James W. Hardin, Professor of Botany, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA, is the sixth recipient of the Bartholomew Award. The Award is presented by the Southern Appalachian Botanical Society in recognition and appreciation of distinguished service to botany and the public. A biographical sketch and photograph of Hardin, who has served the ASPT as President and Editor of Systematic Botany, were published in a recent issue of Castanea (59: 177-179. 1994).

On 29 September 1994 Dr. Hector M. Hern ndez became chair of the Department of Botany, Instituto de Biologia, Universidad Nacional Autoncentsma de Mexico, Mexico, D.F., Mexico. He replaced Dr. Patricia D vila Aranda, who returned full time to research activities.

Dr. Steven R. Hill recently accepted an appointment to the position of Botanist with the Illinois Natural History Survey (ILLS). He was formerly the Curator of the Herbarium at Clemson University (CLEMS). His duties and interests include surveys for sensitive plants in Illinois, continued systematic studies in the Malvaceae, and floristics of the neotropics with special emphasis on Dominica (Lesser Antilles). His address is now: Dr. Steven R. Hill, Illinois Natural History Survey, Center for Biodiversity, 607 East Peabody Dr., Champaign, IL 61820, USA.

In December 1992, David Lloyd suffered a severe injury by acrylamide poisoning from an unknown source. He was in a coma for over three months and since then has been gradually recovering. He is now in the rehabilitation unit of Burwood Hospital, Christ Church, New Zealand. The injury resulted in severe nerve damage of a very unusual and complicated nature with an unknown prognosis. He has been blind since he regained consciousness. It is not known if his vision will return. He has been paralyzed from the neck down but has regained feeling in his arms and hands and we are hoping he will eventually regain movement as well. He is still not able to feel his legs but his reflex movements have returned and we hope that feeling and movements will ultimately return to his legs as well. He had a tracheotomy tube for breathing because of a tracheal narrowing. The breathing difficulties will require some type of repair work on his trachea to remove the scar tissue caused by the ventilator that was used when he was in intensive care during the coma. He also has a gastric tube for feeding because of difficulties swallowing. However, his swallowing is improving tremendously with practice so we are confident that the gastric tube will not be necessary for much longer.

David's spirits are good under the circumstances. He is mentally alert and determined to make a good recovery. He has little sensory input: visual — none, tactile — little, olfactory and taste — not up to normal as yet, however, auditory — fully normal. Thus, he has many difficulties to overcome to achieve a fully productive life again. He is well taken care of in an excellent rehabilitation unit with an outstanding medical staff and is supported by family and friends. The road to full recovery is a long and slow one but his progress is constant and steady. He would appreciate receiving audio tapes of letters and of good talks about reproductive biology and evolutionary theory as well as relevant reprints or books that pertain to his field of interest. A group of graduate students from his department are reading to him every day. He has been enjoying the papers and the more readable books immensely. We are confident that he is going to make a very high level of recovery since he has beaten all the odds so far and is determined to continue to do so. You may write or mail tapes to David at: Ward 9, Burwood Hospital, Private Bag 4708, Christ Church, New Zealand. — Dr. Linda Newstrom-Lloyd (29 September 1994).

Regis Miller, a botanist at the USDA Forest Service's Forest Products Laboratory (FPL), has received an USDA Honor Award for public service during the agency's annual ceremony in Washington, DC, USA.

Former USDA Secretary Mike Espy presented the award on 12 August 1994 to Miller for his "leadership and dedication in serving the public by performing wood identifications." For more than 25 years, Miller has been identifying wood sent to FPL from a variety of federal agencies, private companies, and individual citizens. The identifications can range from helping an individual identify the origin of an antique to helping the U.S. Justice Department solve crimes.

During the past decade, Miller has helped the Justice Department in several cases. In 1993, he testified for the department that pieces of wood in a murder defendant's home matched that of the sawed-off shot gun found in the defendant's car, thereby proving that the defendant owned the gun. In 1992, Miller testified in a case that hinged on determining the difference between hardwoods and softwoods: a company was illegally listing the imported species as a duty-free species. Miller is recognized throughout the world as a leading authority on wood anatomy and especially for his research into the macro- and microscopic characteristics of wood and the methods for identifying wood. In 1993, Miller conducted a basic wood identification class for several U.S. Custom agents, who needed to have the ability to distinguish between duty-free and non-duty free species in order to enforce trade laws.

Patrice Mutchnick is the new resident collector in Guyana for the Biological Diversity of the Guianas (BDG) program. During October and part of November 1994, she overlapped with Terry Henkel, the former resident collector. Together they explored Mt. Wokomung before Terry's return to the USA.

Shawn Lehman, an anthropology student at Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA, is the BDG's new Interim Manager of the Biodiversity Centre, Georgetown, Guyana. In addition to assuming responsibility for management of the collections in the Centre's herbarium and zoological halls, Shawn hopes to conduct research on the behavioral ecology of monkeys in Guyana. The BDG is one of the biodiversity programs of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, USA.

Dr. Mario Sousa S nchez was named Curator of the Herbario Nacional (MEXU), Instituto de Biologia, Universidad Nacional Autoncentsma de Mexico, Mexico, D.F., Mexico, on 30 September 1994. He replaced Dr. Jose Luis Villase[currency]or Rios who served in that position for several years.

Dr. Terrence W. Walters has been appointed Executive Director of The Montgomery Foundation (a non-profit tropical botanical center specializing in research and conservation). The Foundation's living collections emphasize palms, cycads, and tropical dicots. Dr. Walters may be reached at the following address: Montgomery Foundation, 11901 Old Cutler Rd., Miami, FL 33156, USA. (telephone: 305/ 667-3800; fax: 305/ 661-5984).

Dr. Liz Zimmer has been appointed a Research Fellow of the Rancho Santa Ana Botanical Garden, Claremont, CA, USA, effective 1995.


Jesse M. Greenman Award now $1000. The Greenman Award, a certificate and cash prize of $1000, is presented each year by the Missouri Botanical Garden. It recognizes the paper judged best in vascular plant or bryophyte systematics based on a doctoral dissertation published during the previous year. Papers published during 1994 are now being accepted for the 27th annual award, which will be presented in the summer of 1995. Reprints of such papers should be sent to: Dr. P. Mick Richardson, Greenman Award Committee, Missouri Botanical Garden, P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, MO 63166-0299, USA. In order to be considered for the 1995 award, reprints must be received by 1 June 1995.

Kathleen M. Pryer, Department of Botany, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA is the recipient of the 1994 Lawrence Memorial Award. A student of Dr. Brent D. Mishler, Ms. Pryer has undertaken a world-wide phylogenetic, systematic, biogeographic, and developmental study of an evolutionarily crucial group of ferns, the Marsileaceae (water ferns). She will use the proceeds of the Award for travel in southern Africa for herbarium research. Commemorating Dr. George H. M. Lawrence, founding Director of the Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation at Carnegie Mellon University, the semi-annual Award of $1000 is made to an outstanding doctoral candidate for travel in support of dissertation research in systematic botany or horticulture, or the history of plant sciences.

The Montgomery Foundation, Inc. (a non-profit tropical botanical center specializing in research and conservation, with an emphasis on palms, cycads, and tropical dicots), is looking for individuals to make live plant and germplasm collections during 1995 and 1996. The Foundation-supported collecting expeditions are designed to replace mainly palms, but also various tropical dicot trees and cycads that were destroyed on the Foundation grounds during Hurricane Andrew in August 1992. Most of the species needed are from Africa, Mexico, Central and South America, and southern Asia. In conjunction with the Foundation, collectors will be required to secure all necessary export, import, and phytosanitary permits. In addition, the Foundation will require thoroughly documented source information on all of its accessions.

If you are interested in assisting The Montgomery Foundation in plant replacement for their ex situ conservation collections, please submit a short letter of interest (indicate countries of preference for field work), a resume, and telephone numbers and addresses of three references (people familiar with your field experience). The contract positions being funded will be of six months or less duration. If you have any questions, please contact Dr. Terrence Walters, Executive Director, The Montgomery Foundation (see "People" for address).

Applications for the 1996 Rolex Awards for Enterprise are now being accepted. The selection committee will be looking for entries that fall into one of the following general categories: Applied Sciences and Invention; Exploration and Discovery; and The Environment. Five Laureates will receive $50,000 each. Ten Associate Laureates will receive $10,000 each. Application forms and a set of rules and conditions are available from: The Secretariat, The Rolex Awards for Enterprise, P.O. Box 1311, 1211 Geneva 26, Switzerland. Completed applications must be received by 31 March 1995. Awards will be presented in May 1996.

Fulbright Scholar Awards for U.S. Faculty and Professionals: 1996-97 Competition. Fulbright lecturing and research opportunities are available in nearly 140 countries. Awards range from two months to a full academic year. Virtually all disciplines and professional fields participate. The basic eligibility requirements for a Fulbright Scholar award are U.S. citizenship and the PhD or comparable professional qualification (for certain fields such as the fine arts or TESOL, the terminal degree in the field may be sufficient). For lecturing awards, university or college teaching experience is expected. Language skills are needed for some countries, but most lecturing assignments are in English. The deadline for lecturing or research grants for 1996-97 is 1 August 1995. Other deadlines are in place for special programs: distinguished Fulbright chairs in Western Europe (1 May 1995) and Fulbright seminars and academic administrator awards (1 November 1995). Funding for the Fulbright Program is provided by the United States Information Agency, on behalf of the U.S. government, and cooperating governments and host institutions abroad. For further information and application materials, please contact: Council for International Exchange of Scholars, 3007 Tilden St., NW, Suite 5M, Box GNEWS, Washington, DC 20008-3009, USA. (telephone: 202/ 686-7877; e-mail [application requests only]:


Tropical Botanist. — The Department of Botany, Instituto de Biologia, National Autonomous University of Mexico invites applications for a tenure-track research position. Applicants should have a PhD with experience in tropical botany, preferably in Mexico and Central America, and should be proficient in the use of the Spanish language. A commitment to excellence in research and teaching is required. The successful applicant will be expected to establish a vigorous, externally funded, research program on floristics and taxonomy of Mexican plants and to supervise students at the bachelor's, MS, and PhD levels. Primary consideration will be given to applicants having particular interest and experience with a large, primarily Mexican and Central American group of flowering plants. Application materials should include a curriculum vitae and a statement of research goals/plans. These material, and three letters of reference, should be sent to: Dr. Antonio Lot, Instituto de Biologia, Universidad Nacional Autcentsnoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-233, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510, Mexico, D.F., Mexico.

Vascular Plant Systematics. — Applications are invited for a full-time Postdoctoral Associateship in the Biological Survey, New York State Museum, as part of the Generic Flora of the Southeastern United States (GFSEUS) Project. The GFSEUS has been centered at the New York State Museum and the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University, and now the University of Florida has joined the project. Norton G. Miller, Carroll E. Wood, Jr., and Walter S. Judd are editors and organizers of GFSEUS. More information about the Generic Flora is available on the Internet (see "Internet News"). We seek inquiries or applications from broadly-trained plant systematists, ideally with specific knowledge of the Compositae and/or Leguminosae and a desire to study these groups further. The successful applicant will join and interact with other botanists at the New York State Museum and have full access to laboratories and collections of the Biological Survey and to the large New York State Library, which is in the same building. Specific requirements are a PhD degree, strong analytical and writing skills, experience with word processing and manuscript formatting, and a dedication to and patience with detail. Knowledge of one or more second languages is desirable. The resources of the Harvard University Herbaria and the botanical libraries of the Arnold Arboretum, Gray Herbarium, and Botanical Museum of Harvard University are also available, as are those of the University of Florida. The anticipated starting date is 1 March 1995, with the initial appointment for one year, and with annual renewals possible based on adequate progress. Send applications (vita, statement of research interests and professional goals, reprints, and three letters of recommendation) to: Norton G. Miller, Biological Survey, New York State Museum, Albany, NY 12230, USA. (telephone: 518/ 486-2010 or 474-5812; fax: 518/ 473-8496; e-mail:

Ecological Sustainablility, School of Natural Resources & Department of Botany, University of Michigan. We invite applicants for a joint tenure-track position. We seek an individual whose area of scholarship is the ecological basis of the sustainable use of natural resources in the tropics. Rank is open. Candidates must have a PhD in Biology, Ecology, or Natural Resources and subsequent experience, with a demonstrated research interest and expertise in the ecological sustainability of the tropics. The successful candidate will be expected to develop an externally-funded research program, teach one course in each unit per year, and contribute to the University of Michigan's international area studies program by periodically teaching or coordinating seminars related to the role of environmental issues in the affairs of tropical countries. Candidates should submit a cover letter, statements of teaching interests, research objectives, and the relationship of their scholarly activities to international area studies, curriculum vitae, and the names of three referees, to: Search Committee, Ecological Sustainability, The International Institute, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1220, USA. (telephone: 313/ 763-9200). Closing date: 15 February 1995, or until position is filled. The University of Michigan is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer.

Herbarium Database Manager, New York Botanical Garden. The newly-created position of Herbarium Database Manager is currently available at The New York Botanical Garden. The Database Manager will be responsible for the quality of the data entered into "NYpc," the Garden's institution-wide specimen database system. The Herbarium Database Manager will train all new users of the database system. Initially, at least 10 herbarium staff members will catalog specimens into the database as a routine part of their jobs. Training will include not only the step-by-step operation of the database at the computer, but also interpretation of specimen label data, including how to use pertinent botanical literature to interpret these data. The Herbarium Database Manager will regularly review new entries to the authority files associated with "NYpc" to be sure that the information is correct and in the proper format. The Herbarium Database manager will be responsible for revising and maintaining the user documentation for the software (both written and on-line), and will work with the Computer Services Staff to help prepare specimen records to be made available electronically to the scientific community via the Internet. The Herbarium Database Manager will also help in the planning for, implementation of, and conversion to the more elaborate database system ("NYdb") that will replace "NYpc" in the next five years. The New York Botanical Garden is located in the northernmost part of New York City, in the Bronx. Our scientific program involves systematic and ethnobotanical research on plants and fungi. The herbarium of The New York Botanical Garden is the largest in the western hemisphere, with approximately 5.6 million specimens.

The Herbarium Database Manager should have experience using a database, but programming skills are not required. Knowledge of plant nomenclature and familiarity with botanical literature is essential. The Database Manager should have had experience working in an herbarium. Because we will be conducting databasing projects in all groups of plants and fungi, a familiarity with a broad array of plant and fungal groups is desirable. The Herbarium Database Manager should have a BS or MS in Botany or Biology, or equivalent experience. Salary is commensurate with experience. Excellent fringe benefits include four weeks' vacation. Send resume and letter of interest to: Personnel Manager, The New York Botanical Garden, 200th St. & Southern Blvd., Bronx, NY 10458-5126, USA. AA/EOE/M/F/D/V. We would like to fill the position in February or March 1995. If you have questions about the job, please contact: Dr. Barbara M. Thiers, Administrative Curator, The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458-5126, USA. (telephone: 718/ 817-6822; fax: 718/ 562-6780; e-mail:

The New York Botanical Garden (see above) has openings for several technical positions. These jobs, which will be open until they are filled, include: Chemist/Laboratory Technician to participate in the extraction of secondary metabolites from a broad range of plant taxa, manage the extraction database, and general laboratory maintenance. A MS or BS in Chemistry, Biochemistry or related field is required, as is laboratory and database experience. Curatorial Assistant (Herbarium) to enter data from vascular plant herbarium specimens into a computerized database; to train staff to enter data from herbarium specimens into a computerized database; and to perform other miscellaneous herbarium tasks. Requirements include a BS in Botany or Biology (with some course work in Botany), or equivalent experience working with a computerized specimen database; experience with data entry from herbarium specimens; and knowledge or work experience with vascular plants. Curatorial Assistant (Herbarium) to enter specimen data into a computerized specimen database; to prepare specimens (fungi, bryophytes, algae) for insertion in the herbarium; to file specimens in the herbarium; and to perform miscellaneous herbarium tasks. A minimum requirement is a BA or BS in Biology, with some course work in Botany and/or Mycology. In addition, experience with data entry or an ability to learn to use a computer for databasing is required. To apply, please contact: Personnel Manager, The New York Botanical Garden, 200th St. & Southern Blvd., Bronx, NY 10458-5126, USA (telephone: 718/ 817-8700; fax: 718/ 220-6504). AA/EOE/M/F/D/V.

Field Collecting Position Available. — The Biological Diversity of the Guianas Program, Department of Botany, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, USA, has an opening for a plant collector. Beginning in October 1995, the individual selected will spend the remainder of 1995 through early 1997 in the Guianas collecting (minimum of 18-24 months in the Guianas), and one to two months in Washington helping to identify these collections. For additional information, please contact: C. L. Kelloff, Biological Diversity of the Guianas Program, Department of Botany, NHB-166, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560-0001, USA. (telephone: 202/ 786-2518; fax: 202/ 786-2563; e-mail: edu). This position is open to all qualified individuals and will remain open until a suitable person is found. The Smithsonian is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer. ORGANIZATIONS

Botanical Society of America (BSA), Plant Science Bulletin (PSB) Editor. — The BSA nomination committee is searching for a botanist with an active research program, internet access, knowledge of BSA and its members, editorial skills, and computer skills in word-processing, database management, and desktop publishing. Enthusiasm and willingness to learn about unfamiliar botanical disciplines and to acquire new skills are important. Interested persons should send inquiries about responsibilities, time commitment required, etc., to the current Editor, Meredith Lane (telephone: 913/ 864-4493; fax: 913/ 864-5298; e-mail: mlane@ Applicants should send a letter of interest with a statement of skills, resources, and goals for the Plant Science Bulletin, and a curriculum vitae to: Judith E. Skog, Chair, PSB Editor Search Committee, Department of Biology, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030-4444, USA. (e-mail: Submission of the information on disk or via e-mail would be very helpful. Deadline for applications is 1 March 1995.

North American Working Group on Cultivated Plant Taxonomy (NORTAX). — During the "Second International Symposium on the Taxonomy of Cultivated Plants" held in August 1994, a group of taxonomists from North America met to establish a working group devoted to the taxonomy and nomenclature of cultivated plants in North America (NORTAX). The North American group is patterned after the HORTAX working group in the United Kingdom, and shares similar goals. NORTAX currently has a very broad mandate. It was felt that this group should work to improve the taxonomy and nomenclature of all cultivated plants (horticultural, agricultural and arboricultural), to share information and resources, to promote better nomenclatural practices, and to strive for a clearer and more philosophically sound code of nomenclature for cultivated plants. The working group will serve as a networking venue for taxonomists working in institutions throughout North America who share a research interest in cultivated plants. NORTAX currently has no bylaws, no officers, and no dues (this may change). What this group does have is a membership (open to anyone) and we plan to publish a newsletter (NORTAX NEWS) three or four times a year. The first issue of NORTAX NEWS should be ready to send out around February 1995. A preliminary list of subject headings includes: News, People, Deaths, Awards and Funding, Job Opportunities, International Registration Authorities (IRAs), Desiderata, Symposia, and Newsletters. If anyone has information or notices for this newsletter, or if you wish to receive NORTAX NEWS, please contact: Dr. Steven Clemants, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 1000 Washington Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11225, USA. (telephone: 718/ 941-9044 ext. 234; e-mail:


The Springfield Environmental Laboratory of the Archbold Tropical Research Center is in the process of developing a reference herbarium permanently maintained in Dominica and to be used by Dominican government personnel and citizens, conservation groups, the Peace Corps, research professionals, students, and other visitors to Dominica. It is, unofficially, the national herbarium of Dominica. Dr. Steven R. Hill, formerly of CLEMS but now at ILLS (see "People") has created this herbarium, which has been given the unofficial acronym "atrc." The herbarium is located at the Springfield Estate above the town of Canefield on the Imperial Highway. Currently, after six trips to the island nation, 1373 numbers have been collected in 760 species (approximately 60% of the known vascular flora of the island) and specimens have been mounted an filed alphabetically by family. Some facilities are also available for drying specimens at the Laboratory. Currently no loans or exchanges are available directly from the collection, but duplicates have been deposited at CLEMS. The Archbold Tropical Research Center, administered by Clemson University, is composed of a consortium of US and foreign universities and organizations. The Springfield Environmental Laboratory has been used primarily for the on-site teaching of tropical biology to college undergraduate students, and for individual research projects. For more information on the collections, please contact: Dr. Steven R. Hill, Illinois Natural History Survey, Center for Biodiversity, 607 East Peabody Dr., Champaign, IL 61820, USA, or Dr. Thomas Larcher, Director, Archbold Tropical Research Center, 115 Lehotsky Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA. Dr. Larcher can answer additional questions concerning the consortium.

The Desert Botanical Garden, Phoenix, AZ, USA, has announced that its Richter Library book stack space will be increased by 80% upon completion of a Garden project supported by the Institute of Museum Services (IMS). The IMS is a federal agency that offers conservation project support to the nation's museums. The IMF-funded portion of the Garden's project will be used to fund environmental improvements to the library. Phase I of the library conservation plan involves the installation of six mobile track compact shelves in the library reading room to better conserve, accommodate, and make reference materials more accessible. Phase II will include a conservation assessment of the library collection, prioritization of materials to be treated, and staff training on conservation techniques and strategies. The final library phase will be the actual conservation treatment of old, fragile, and valuable materials in the collection. The special library collection includes 10,000 volumes, many of them one of a kind, including an extensive rare book and botanical art collection. The Richter Library reading room receives about 4000 of the Garden's 220,000 yearly visitors and handles an additional 9000 requests for information by telephone and mail.

No doubt, every reader is aware that the 104th U.S. Congress, which convened on 4 January 1995, is substantially different than its predecessor. With the change from a Democratic to a Republican majority, there have been changes in all committee chairmanships. In addition, the new Congress may undertake restructuring of the various committees that oversee science-related issues. It is worth noting the following changes in committee chairmanships. Rep. Robert S. Walker (R-PA) is now the Chairman of the Technology and Competitiveness Committee (formerly Science, Space, and Technology). The Washington Post (8 December 1994) described him as being "a very good friend to science," but added the caveat that his ability to deliver for the scientific community may be limited if he follows the Republican's Contract with America. In the past, Walker has been a strong supporter of basic science, the space station, and the Superconducting Super Collider (now cancelled). He succeeds Rep. George E. Brown, Jr. (D-CA).

Rep. Don Young (R-AK) is chairman of the Public Lands and Resources Committee. He replaces Rep. George Miller (D-CA). Rep. Young is characterized by The Washington Post (8 December 1994) as being a strong believer in development of Alaska's natural resources.

Finally, Rep. Pat Roberts (R-KS) is the chairman of the Agriculture Committee. He replaces Rep. E. "Kika" de la Garza (D-TX). Rep. Roberts is considered to have a vast knowledge of farm programs and to be a strong advocate for agriculture. The Washington Post article had no comment on how he viewed research-related agricultural programs.

The University of Michigan Herbarium (MICH) has just completed a major renovation of its collection range, costing approximately one million dollars. Over half the investment, contributed by the University, went into renovating the physical plant, of which the most important part is a new system for heating and air-conditioning. The air-conditioning features equipment that will maintain very low humidity in summer, such that (we hope) cigarette beetles will not be able to complete their life cycle. Additional aspects of the physical renovation include a new laboratory equipment room for bulky items of shared equipment and bench space for anatomical work; a room to be dedicated to shared computers and camera equipment; venetian blinds on all the windows; new lighting around the periphery of the collections; a new tile floor; and repainting of the whole area. The balance of the project involved installing 29 electrically controlled compact-storage carriages, each carriage 40 feet long and capable of holding either 32 single cabinets or 16 double cabinets and 2 singles. The purchase of 96 new double cabinets and 12 new single cabinets, which were installed on the compact-storage carriages along with 736 of our previously owned cabinets, will give us room to expand in overcrowded groups and add acquisitions for some years to come. All groups, except fungi, are now housed on the compact-storage system; condensing the collection in that way freed space for other needs, especially in our workroom. The new cabinets, compact-storage system including lights in each aisle, new storage shelving, and curatorial labor to rearrange the Herbarium, were all made possible by a grant from the Long-Term Projects in Environmental Biology Program of the National Science Foundation. We invite our friends to come to Ann Arbor to admire and use our new facilities.

The New York Botanical Garden is not only one of the world's most important systematic research facilities, but for residents of the Bronx and visitors it has been a rare visual oasis in the midst of the USA's largest city. For most of the Garden's 103-year existence the Enid A. Haupt Conservatory has been the jewel gracing its grounds. However, Fordham University, which is adjacent to the Garden, recently began constructing a 45-story radio tower. The tower is just 300 ft from the Conservatory and violates it aesthetically. The tower also impacts every other view from within the Garden, as well as important views from the Bronx Zoo and even from Fordham University itself. The Garden is soliciting letters urging Fordham to build their radio tower off-campus. You can express your concerns by writing to either the President of the University or the Mayor of New York City. Additional information may be obtained from: Mr. Karl Lauby, Director of Public Relations, The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458-5126, USA. (telephone: 718/ 817-8637; fax: 718/ 220-6504). If you choose to write, the pertinent addresses are: Rev. Joseph A. O'Hare, S.J., President, Fordham University, Bronx, NY 10458, USA and Honorable Rudolph W. Giuliani, Mayor of the City of New York, City Hall, New York, NY 10007, USA.

On 23 November 1994, a fire razed the central buildings of the Las Cruces Biological Station, San Vila, Costa Rica, site of the Robert and Catherine Wilson Botanical Garden. The fire, which began around 7:00 pm in a downstairs apartment, swept through the Stanley Smith Science Building and the adjacent laboratory. Lost are the living quarters for researchers, students, and natural history visitors, as well as the kitchen, dining hall, and library.

At the time of the fire, three Costa Rican students were staying in the facility. However, station director Luis Diego Gcentsmez said that no one was injured. In addition, Gcentsmez reported that the garden's extensive plant collections, one of the richest in Central America, were not affected. Las Cruces is owned and operated by the Organization for Tropical Studies (OTS), a non-profit consortium of 50 universities and research institutions. Charles Schnell, the head of OTS in Costa Rica, estimated the loss to be approximately $500,000, of which insurance will cover only a fraction of the replacement value.

Schnell reported that the station's operations will continue and that commitments will be met. "Living quarters for researchers, students, and guests are being improvised in the former home of Robert and Catherine Wilson," said Schnell. "We expect Las Cruces to continue as a major education and research site and as an important locale for birders and natural history visitors, though temporarily with fewer amenities and services." OTS Executive Director Donald Stone has issued an urgent appeal for emergency funds to sustain the Garden's operation. Stone noted, "The potential loss of the station as an important center for research impacting La Amistad National Park, one of the largest parks in Central America, and for graduate training in conservation biology and the wise use of natural resources is devastating." Contributions may be sent to: OTS — Save the Garden Fund, Duke University, Box 90630, Durham, NC 27708-0630, USA.


Martha A. Case is looking for information on population locations of Cypripedium kentuckiense Reed and C. parviflorum Salisb. [vars. parviflorum and pubescens (Willd.) Knight] (Orchidaceae) throughout the southeastern USA (south of Ohio). In particular, she is seeking to obtain location data of extant populations to continue her research on the C. calceolus L. (Yellow Lady's Slipper) complex, and hopes to collect tissue from these populations this spring. Information on C. parviflorum populations outside of the area indicated above also is welcomed. If you have any location information for these taxa, please contact her at the following address: Department of Biology, The College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187-8795, USA. (telephone: 804/ 221-2223; fax: 804/ 221-6483; e-mail:

I am editing a guide to plant collectors who have worked in Madagascar and the Comoro Islands, which will be published later this year. I would greatly appreciate it if anyone who has collected in these islands would contact me. I have a questionnaire that I have been circulating in an effort to refine biographical and bibliographical information pertaining to botanists active in either Madagascar or the Comoro Islands. Please contact: L. J. Dorr, Department of Botany, NHB-166, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560, USA. (telephone: 202/ 633-9106; fax: 202/ 786-2563; e-mail:

Brazilian Canopies. — There are many scientists working on canopy biology, and in Brazil, there is little coordinated information as to who is working where and on what. Because of this lack of information, we are organizing a report entitled "Brazilian Canopies" with data about scientists working on canopy biology in Brazil. Researchers working in Brazil are invited to send an abstract with their name, address, title, and a short statement (one page) about their canopy biology research activities. (Include also references to published papers, reports, projects, congress presentations, etc.). The report will be distributed by e-mail and hard copy to many universities and to each collaborator in Brazil. Arrangements will be made to send e-mail copies to other interested parties outside of Brazil. The objective of this project is to integrate Brazilian scientists with the international community and to prepare future meetings on canopy research in Brazil.

Also, few Brazilians have knowledge of canopy biology. We therefore are organizing talks and short courses on canopy biology to be presented at future Brazilian meetings on zoology, botany, and ecology. We would like to obtain: 1) photographic slides about canopy access (worldwide); and 2) copies of general papers that were published in scientific of popular journals. The material will be distributed to graduate and undergraduate students.

Abstracts, or pertinent materials, may be sent to eithor of the following addresses: Julio Cesar Voltolini, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Departamento de Zoologia, CP 20520, CEP 01452-990, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil (e-mail: or Daniela Kolhy Ferraz, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Departamento de Ecologia General, CP 11461, CEP 05422-970, Sao Paul, SP, BRAZIL (e-mail:


"Why Should Federal Dollars be Spent to Support Scientific Research?" is the title of the 1995 Sigma Xi Forum, which will be held from 2-3 March 1995 in Research Triangle Park, NC, USA. For information regarding registration or participation in the forum poster session, please contact: 1995 Forum, Sigma Xi, P.O. Box 13975 RTP, NC 27709, USA. (telephone: 800/ 243-6534; fax: 919/ 549-0090; e-mail: forum95

T. H. Huxley: Victorian Science and Culture is the title of an international conference organized by the Royal Society, the British Society for the History of Science and the Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine. It will be held in the Huxley Building at the Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, England, on 20-21 April 1995. Particulars may be obtained by contacting either: Dr. David Edgerton, History of Science & Technology, Sherfield Building, Imperial College, London, SW7 2AZ, England (telephone: [44] 71/ 594 9351; fax: [44] 71/ 594 9353) or BSHS Executive Secretary, 31 High St., Stanforn in the Vale, Faringdon, Oxon, SN7 8LH, England (telephone & fax: [44] 367/ 718963).

Measuring and Monitoring Forest Biological Diversity: The International Network of Biodiversity Plots is the title of an international symposium organized by the Smithsonian Institution/Man and the Biosphere Biodiversity Program (SI/MAB). The symposium will be held from 23-25 May 1995 in Washington, DC, USA. Registration is $150 ($200 after 27 March 1995). For additional details, please contact: Smithsonian/MAB 1995 Forest Plot Symposium, Smithsonian Institution, 1100 Jefferson Dr., SW, Suite 3123, Washington, DC 20560, USA (telephone: 202/ 357-4793; fax: 202/ 786-2557; e-mail: ic.fgd@

The Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden, Claremont, CA, USA, is pleased to announce that its 11th Annual Botanical Systematics Symposium, organized by Elizabeth Zimmer and J. Mark Porter, will be held on 27 May 1995. The symposium topic is "The New Morphology: Integrative Approaches." The keynote speaker will be Elliot M. Meyerowitz (California Institute of Technology), who will discuss "Models for the Developmental Origin of Patterns in Flowers." Papers will also be presented by: Andres Collazo, California Institute of Technology ("Integrative Approaches for the Study of Developmental, Molecular and Evolutionary Biology"), Mark Running, California Institute of Technology ("Using Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy in the Study of Plant Structure and Development"), Geeta Bharathan, University of California at Davis ("Phylogenetic Approach to the Evolution of Leaf Development in Monocotyledons"), Cynthia Jones, University of Connecticut ("The Concept of Bauplan and its Relevance to Interpretation of Diversity in Seedling Structure in Pelargonium"), John F. Doebley, University of Minnesota ("Genetic Analysis of the Morphological Evolution of Maize"), and Rob DeSalle, The American Museum of Natural History ("Insect Model Systems for Studying the Interface between Developmental Genetics and Evolution"). The cost to attend this symposium is $60 per participant ($45 for students). This fee includes the Friday evening social, boxed lunch, and dinner on Saturday. Space is limited. For more information, or to register, please contact: Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden, Systematics Symposium, 1500 N. College Ave., Claremont, CA 91711, USA, or Ann Joslin (telephone: 909/ 625-8767, ext. 251; e-mail:

SPNHC '95 — "Preserving the Record of Nature through Countless Ages," the 10th annual meeting of the Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections (SPNHC) will be held at the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada, from 2-6 June 1995. The program will include papers and posters on natural history collection management issues. The call for papers will go out in early January 1995; interested parties are encouraged to submit abstracts for consideration. The Education and Training Committee of SPNHC is offering a training workshop on "Managing the Modern Herbarium" on 5 & 6 June 1995. For additional information, please contact: Janet Waddington, SPNHC `95 Organizing Committee, Royal Ontario Museum, 100 Queen's Park, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 2C6. (telephone: 416/ 586-5593; fax: 416/ 586-5863; e-mail: janetw@

The Dublin Seminar for New England Folklife has announced that Plants and People will be the subject of its next conference to be held 23-25 June 1995 in Deerfield, MA, USA. The Dublin Seminar is accepting proposals for lectures on early ornamental and medicinal horticulture, landscape gardening, and garden cultivation before 1850 in New England and contiguous areas of the American Northeast including Lower Canada and the Hudson River Valley. Topics of interest include the introduction of European plant species, export of North American seeds and plants, the beginnings of floral cultivation schemes, horticultural artifacts, gardens and flowers in literature, and related issues of gender, leisure, and aesthetics. Preference will be given to proposals based on probate inventories, tax lists, diaries, travellers' accounts, views and maps, newspapers, advertisements, archaeological data, early professional guides, almanacs, and other untapped primary sources. To submit a proposal (due 1 March 1995) or receive further information about the conference, please contact: Peter Benes, Director, The Dublin Seminar for New England Folklife, 249 Harrington Ave., Concord, MA 01742, USA. (telephone: 508/ 369-7382).

The American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) is requesting proposals from groups or individuals seeking to organize discussions, symposia, or workshops at the 46th AIBS Annual Meeting, which will be held in San Diego, CA, USA, from 6-10 August 1995. The AIBS annual meeting provides an excellent forum for outreach/demonstration activities and for scientists and policy makers to express their views on issues relating to biology and biologists. Proposals should indicate type of session and include a provisional title, a one-paragraph justification, special room requirements, list of participants, and any other information that might help AIBS determine the suitability of the proposed session. Send materials by 1 March 1995 to: AIBS Meeting Coordinator, AIBS, 730 11th St., NW, Washington, DC 20001-4521, USA. (telephone: 202/ 628-1500 or 800/ 992-2427; fax: 202/ 628-1509). General meeting information concerning participant registration, scientific and commercial exhibit space, floor plans of exhibits, costs, and other information may be obtained from the same address.

The first circular for an Apomixis & Taxonomy Workshop is now available. The workshop will be held from 8-11 August 1995. It is being sponsored by the Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences, Pruhonice near Prague, Czech Republic. The workshop will allow participants to present and discuss research in the fields of breeding system variation, mechanisms of apomixis, and taxonomic treatment of apomictic groups. For further information, please contact: Apomixis & Taxonomy Organizing Committee, Jan Kirschner & Jan Stepanek, Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences, CZ-25243 Pruhonice 1, Czech Republic. (telephone & fax: [42] 2/ 6436529; e-mail, c/o Karol Marhold, Bratislavia: botukmar

FUNBOTANICA (Fundacicentsn Ecuatoriana para la Investigacion y Desarrollo de la Bot nica) and the Pontificia Universidad Catcentslica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador, are organizing the II Congreso Ecuatoriano de Bot nica and the II Simposio Ecuatoriano de Etnobot nica y Bot nica Medica to be held in Quito from 16-20 October 1995. Participants must submit abstracts by 15 June 1995. For further information, please write: FUNBOTANICA, A.P. 17-12-580, Quito, Ecuador (telephone: [593] 2/ 529270 ext. 1279).

The Sixth Parasitic Weed Symposium will be held from 16-18 April 1996 in Cordoba, Spain. The symposium program will include plenary sessions and contributed papers and posters. Workshops can also be organized. The main topics will include: Biology, Botany, Plant Physiology, Control by Crop Management, and Genetic Resistance. Presently, interested speakers are invited to send a tentative title for their contribution. The deadline for abstracts will be 30 June 1995 and for papers 30 September 1995. After editing, final drafts of papers will be required by 31 January 1996. For more information, please contact: Secretaria de "6th Parasitic Weed Symposium," Centro de Investigacicentsn y Desarrollo Agrario, Apartado 4240, 14080 Cordoba, Spain. (telephone: [34] 57/ 29 38 33; fax: [34] 57/ 20 27 21).

The first circular for an International Symposium on Floristic Diversity and Characteristics of East Asia was recently distributed. The symposium will be held 25-28 July 1996 in Kunming, China. The working language of the symposium will be English. Papers and posters are welcome. Post symposium excursions will be organized to visit various provinces of China. Registration costs, hotel information, and a list of excursions will be provided in the second circular. For more information, please contact: Prof. Wu Sugong, Secretary-General, International Symposium on Floristic Diversity and Characteristics of East Asia, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Heilongtan, Kunming, Yunnan 650204, The People's Republic of China. (telephone: [86] 871/ 5150660; fax: [86] 871/ 5150227).

A conference titled World Heritage Tropical Forests: Science for Better Conservation Management will be held in Cairns, North Queensland, Australia from 2-6 September 1996. The conference will be hosted by the Wet Tropics Management Authority. For further information, please contact the Conference Secretariat (telephone: [61] 7/ 396 0477; fax: [61] 7/ 369 1512).


Research Internship. — Mount Vernon, the home of George Washington, is seeking a graduate or post-graduate scholar in Botany, Biology, or Zoology to assist in its effort to define the historical changes in animal and plant diversity that have occurred at Mount Vernon since the 18th century. The successful candidate will have a proven research background in biodiversity studies and be able to draw on published and unpublished sources, as well as on-site research, to define the changes in plant and animal diversity. The study should be completed in no more than six months and contain appropriate references, notes and bibliography, as well as recommendations for the restoration of selected plant and animal species. The successful candidate will receive a $2000 honorarium upon delivery of the completed study. Candidates should send a current curriculum vitae by 15 March 1995, and a pertinent example of their work, to: Paul C. Reber, Director of Development, The Mount Vernon Ladies' Association, Mount Vernon, VA 22121, USA.


During the summer of 1995, Indiana University's Department of Biology, in cooperation with the Indiana University Division of continuing studies, will offer two week-long laboratory courses focusing on the techniques and procedures used in recombinant DNA research and their application. Participants will also have the opportunity to work with a DNA sample of their own research organism. Both courses will be taught on the Indiana University campus in Bloomington, IN, USA.

1) Recombinant DNA Technology. — The first course will introduce participants to procedures involved in recombinant DNA work and to the molecular aspects of genetic engineering Most of the procedures that are taught to biology graduate students in the recombinant DNA section of a graduate techniques course at Indiana University will be covered. Participants can make arrangements to isolate genomic DNA from their own research organisms during the course.

The following techniques will be included: DNA and cloning vector manipulation; PCR technology; Preparation of recombinant DNA; Transformation of bacterial cells; Selection and assay of cloned and amplified fragments of "foreign" DNA; Transfer of DNA for probing (Southern blot); and Preparation of non-radioactive DNA probes.

"Recombinant DNA Technology" is designed for those with a basic understanding of the structure of DNA and elemental genetics and with a minimal understanding of enzymes and biochemistry. The course is scheduled for 4-9 June l995. Registration deadline is 19 May 1995.

2) Application of Recombinant DNA Technology: RFLP and Fingerprinting Analysis, RAPD Analysis, and DNA Sequencing. — This course will provide participants with the opportunity to learn about the materials and techniques used in recombinant DNA research. Participants may bring a DNA sample to sequence during the course.

The course will emphasize the following techniques: DNA sequencing using non-radioactive methods; RAPD analysis of genomic DNA; Fingerprinting and RFLP analysis of genomic DNA;

Electroporation of bacterial cells; Chemiluminescent detection of nucleic acids; Application of computers to DNA sequencing data analysis; Preparation of random fragment sequencing libraries and double-stranded DNA for sequencing; Use of bioneb cell and bipolymer disruption systems.

A basic understanding of the structure of DNA and elemental genetics is assumed for participants in this short course, as is a minimal understanding of enzymes and biochemistry. Previous experience with PCR or RFLP analysis and DNA sequencing is not a prerequisite, nor is completion of "Recombinant DNA Technology." This course is scheduled for 11-17 June 1995. Registration deadline is 26 May 1995.

The instructor for both courses is Dr. Stefan J. Surzycki, Associate Professor of Biology at Indiana University. Fees for these courses include all instruction, laboratory supplies, use of equipment, and lab manuals. For additional information, please contact Jane Clay, Division of Continuing Studies, Owen Hall 204, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA. (telephone: 812/ 855-6329; e-mail:


The Ohio State University Herbarium (OS), Museum of Biological Diversity, 1315 Kinnear Rd., Columbus, OH 43212, USA, is sponsoring a series of public lectures and workshops from now through June 1995. Each lecture is free and will be presented on the first Tuesday of the month. The lectures will be held at 8:00 pm in the auditorium of the Museum. For a list of titles and speakers, please telephone Dr. John Furlow (614/ 292-3296). In addition to the lecture series, Tod F. Stuessy, Director of the Ohio State University Herbarium will lead a workshop on 22 April 1995, which is entitled "A Spring Wildflower Foray." Additional information may be obtained by contacting Dr. Furlow at the telephone number given above.

"Museum Techniques in Botany Workshop," is the title of the Second National Museum of Natural History Workshop for Latin America and the Caribbean, which is scheduled for 2-16 September 1995. The workshop will provide an introduction to the concepts and methods of museum research and collections management to 15-20 entry-level herbarium professionals from public and private institutions in Latin America and the Caribbean. Topics will include basic herbarium subjects (e.g., importance of collection-based multidisciplinary studies; establishment and maintenance of botanical collections in the neotropics; techniques for collecting and preserving certain groups of plants with an emphasis on difficult-to-study plants; procedures for processing collections, including identifying and mounting specimens, making labels, loans, and insect control; sources of funding for projects in the area); monographs and floras (e.g., similarities and differences and the significance of each; integration of the floras of neotropical countries; value of studying biodiversity from the viewpoint of local floras such as plot studies versus monographs that treat diversity over a wider area); and theory and conservation issues (e.g., biogeography; cladistics; evolution; speciation; biodiversity; CITES; intellectual property rights; curators versus parataxonomists; ethnobotany). The workshop will be held at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, USA. Lectures will be in English or Spanish.

Professionals initiating careers in herbaria and working with botanical collections from tropical Latin America and the Caribbean may apply. Some knowledge of English is required. Participants are encouraged to seek support from their home institutions. A limited number of fellowships are available. The organizers of the workshop are: Dr. Pedro Acevedo, Curator-Botany, National Museum of Natural History, MRC-166, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560, USA (fax: 202/ 786-1563; e-mail: mnhbo051@ and Argelis Rom n, Outreach Coordinator, Biodiversity Programs, National Museum of Natural History, MRC-180, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560, USA (fax: 202/ 786-2934; e-mail: mnhbd007@ The workshop is sponsored by the Office of Biodiversity Programs, National Museum of Natural History. For further information and applications, please contact Argelis Rom n at the address given above. Please mark your correspondence "Botany Workshop." Completed applications are due 1 June 1995.


On 1 November l994, the Library of The New York Botanical Garden (NYBG), Bronx, NY, USA, became the first major botanical institution to have its complete and fully searchable library catalog available on the Internet. CATALPA, the Library's online catalog, will be available electronically to researchers throughout the world. John F. Reed, Director of the Library, said, "Now, with the Library catalog on the Internet, CATALPA becomes an international bibliographic reference work about the plant world. It represents the holdings of one Library, but in fact it will serve as a bibliographic tool that can be used in conjunction with research library collections around the world." The Library's telnet address is: or

CATALPA is an acronym for Catalog for Library Public Access. (Catalpa is also a small genus of American and Asiatic trees in the Bignoniaceae). CATALPA uses Innovative Interfaces, Inc. software — (INNOPACO). It is fully searchable using the traditional card catalog approaches by author, title, or subject. It also provides searching by call number or key words in the title, corporate entry, or contents notes, and allows browsing through the collection in call number or "shelf list" order, a virtual walk through the stacks. These searching strategies greatly facilitate bibliographic access to the holdings of the NYBG Library and to the literature of the plant sciences. CATALPA represents almost 110,000 titles of books and journals in the botany, horticulture, landscape design, and related fields, a collection of over 250,000 volumes. The Library's particular strengths are: plant systematics; floristics; plant ecology; the history of botany; horticulture and gardening; biography; and garden and landscape design. The NYBG Library offers a full range of reference and information services including interlibrary loan. It is open for public use Tuesday through Sunday. For additional information about CATALPA and the Library of The NYBG, contact John F. Reed, Director of the Library. (telephone: 718/ 817-8729; e-mail:

The Generic Flora of the Southeastern United States is a series of original taxonomic investigations of genera belonging to the families of native and naturalized seed plants of an area including North and South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, and Louisiana. However, the published results of the project are useful in a much wider area, in fact throughout the world. One hundred and forty papers have been published in the series. The aim has been to clarify the scope and limits of genera as viewed from a world perspective. To facilitate use of treatments already published and work on the next installments, the following authority files and indices have been prepared. They are available on the New York State Library Gopher Server. While the files are not presently searchable, plans call for the installation of WAIS software on this Server during December l994.

To access these files, use the following Gopher pathway: New York/ New York State Library (Albany, NY) "Gopher address: unix2."/ New York State Government Information Locator <menu/directory>/ New York State Executive Branch <menu/ directory>/ New York State Education Department <menu/directory>/ New York State Museum <menu/directory>/ Generic Flora of the Southeastern United States <menu/directory>. Files available (Generic Flora of the Southeastern United States) include: "README" (background information); Authors of Plant Names; Journal Abbreviations Cited; Authors/Titles of Papers; Index-Families Published; Chronological List of Papers; and Index-Genera Treated & Illus. The files are also available for downloading via anonymous FTP from the NYS Library FTP Site ( The files are located within the pub directory.

The following files are available: gfseus.readme (text file) 3.9K-bytes "background information"; gfseusja.wp5 (Word Perfect 5.1 format) 395.7K-bytes "Journal Abbreviations Cited"; gfseuspn.wp5 (Word Perfect 5.1 format) 214.4K-bytes "Authors of Plant Names Cited"; gfseusat.wp5 (WordPerfect 5.1 format) 24.7K-bytes "Authors and Titles of Papers Published"; gfseusfa.wp5 (WordPerfect 5.1 format) 17.4K-bytes "Index to Families Published"; gfseusch.wp5 (WordPerfect 5.1 format) 12.7K-bytes "Chronological List of Papers Published"; gfseusgi.wp5 (WordPerfect 5.1 format) 34.6K-bytes "Index to Genera Treated and Illustrated" The project leaders are: N. G. Miller, Biological Survey, New York State Museum, Albany, NY 12230, USA (e-mail: nmiller@; W. S. Judd, Department of Botany, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA (e-mail:; and C. E. Wood, Jr., Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University, 22 Divinity Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. Comments and questions should be directed to:

A checklist of the lichens of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, and French Guiana) is now available via the Smithsonian Institution's Natural History Gopher Server. The "Checklist of Lichenized Fungi" was prepared by Harrie Sipman (B) as a supplement to the Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (1992) published by the Smithsonian's Biological Diversity of the Guianas Program (US) and ORSTOM, French Guiana (CAY). Both checklists can be accessed through either the "Botany at the Smithsonian Institution" or "Smithsonian Biodiversity Programs and Data" menus. The lichen checklist is arranged alphabetically by family, genus, and species. The information is current as of April 1994. The distribution of each species in the Guianas is indicated by a letter code. Approximately 420 "recently reported and currently accepted" species are listed. This number can be expected to grow as doubtful records are confirmed and new species described. The Internet Gopher is reached through Gopher Client software. Contact your Internet provider for detailed information about access to this service. For more information about the Biological Diversity of the Guianas Program, contact: Vicki Funk or Carol Kelloff, Department of Botany, NHB 166, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560, USA. (telephone: 202/ 786-2518; fax: 202/ 786-2563; e-mail: For more information about the Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas, contact: John Boggan, Department of Botany, NHB 166, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560, USA (e-mail: boggan@ or


Dr. Tsan-Iang ("T.I.") Chuang (1933-1994) died in Berkeley, CA, USA on 24 May 1994. He had suffered from cancer. Born on 21 April 1933 in Hsin-Chu, Taiwan, T.I. received a BS (1956) in Biology from Taiwan Normal University, where he also was a member of the baseball team. He then received a MS (1959) in Botany from the National Taiwan University and served (1959-1961) as Assistant Research Fellow and Curator of the Herbarium at the Institute of Botany, Academica Sinica.

After military service (including a stint on Little Quemoy Island), he came to the USA to study with Lincoln Constance at the University of California, Berkeley. For his doctoral research, T.I. chose to study Perideridia (Apiaceae) and from 1962-1966 he also served as Constance's Research Assistant. T.I.'s first postdoctoral appointment was as a sabbatical replacement to teach systematic botany, plant anatomy, and plant morphology at the University of Delaware. He was then offered and accepted an Assistant Professorship in the Department of Biological Sciences, Illinois State University, Normal, IL, USA. He taught courses in taxonomy, morphology, anatomy, and plant evolution, and developed instruction in the use of Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). In 1972, T.I. was promoted to Associate Professor and Curator, and from 1977 until his death he enjoyed the rank of Professor of Botany and Curator of the Herbarium (ISU). The Chuangs were able to welcome their three children to the USA in 1969, and in 1974 T.I. and his wife attained American citizenship.

The Chuangs returned to Berkeley each summer to conduct research (and to avoid the ragweed season in the Midwest). They also spent three sabbatical leaves at Berkeley, as well. Initially, T.I.'s research emphasis was on Apiaceae (with Constance), but this was soon overshadowed by NSF-supported research on Cordylanthus, Castilleja, and Orthocarpus (Scrophulariaceae) with the late Lawrence Heckard of the Jepson Herbarium. T.I. had hoped to retire this year to the Jepson Herbarium and embark upon a thorough investigation of Mexican Castilleja, a group of which he had already gained considerable understanding.

Tsan-Iang Chuang is survived by his wife, Fei-Mei, and three children. He will be greatly missed not only by his family and his former colleagues in Normal, but also by his many friends in California. — Lincoln Constance, Herbarium, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. [Extracted from: The Jepson Globe 5(4): 3 (1994)].

Dr. Theodore R. Dudley (1936-1994), who retired last spring as curator and director of the herbarium of the National Arboretum, Washington, DC, USA, died of a brain tumor on 17 November 1994 in Bar Harbor, ME, USA. Dudley had been on the staff of the National Arboretum since 1966 and was an authority on holly (Aquifoliaceae). He explored for plants all over the world and his travels took him throughout the southeastern USA, Turkey, Greece, Peru, Tierra del Fuego, Korea, and China. He discovered a number of plants new to science and at least 16 were named after him.

His botanical expeditions to China also resulted in the introduction to the USA of many plants previously unknown in cultivation here. Dr. Dudley was the author of a book on the flora of the Isla de los Estados, near Tierra del Fuego, and of more than 200 scientific articles. He was also an editor for Dioscorides Press, and was a frequent lecturer to garden clubs and horticultural groups.

Dr. Dudley was born in Boston, MA, USA. He graduated from the University of Massachusetts, did postgraduate work at Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA, and received his doctorate from the University of Edinburgh, Scotland. He worked at the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University before joining the staff of the National Arboretum. He is survived by his wife, two sons, and his mother. (The Washington Post, 18 November 1994).

Glenn F. Henderson of Blue Ridge Biotech, Edneyville, NC, USA died in late 1994 of complications from cancer.

Dr. Ruurd Dirk Hoogland (1922-1994) died this past fall in Paris, France. Ru was born in Leeuwarden, The Netherlands, and spent much of his professional career in Australia where he was employed by what is now the Australian National Herbarium. He spent a good deal of his time exploring for plants in New Guinea. After retiring, he found it convenient for a variety of reasons (some of them financial) to work at the Laboratoire de Phanerogamie, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. At the time of his death, he was engaged in preparing a treatment of Cunoniaceae for the Flore de la Nouvelle Caledonie. In addition to the Cunoniaceae, he also had a special interest in the Dilleniaceae.

Ru had suffered from poor health for many years, but it did not impact his enthusiasm for systematic botany. When I last saw him in August 1994, he complained that his failing eye sight would not permit him to continue microscope work, but he felt nonetheless that he could contribute much to systematic botany with respect to nomenclature. He was then busy checking the validity of generic names that had been accepted in standard indices such as the Index Nominum Genericorum, Vascular Plant Families and Genera (Brummitt, 1992), and Names in Current Use. Not surprisingly, considering the rich libraries at his disposal, he found many errors of dates and citations. I only hope that his notes have survived and will become available. I first met Ru in 1984, and only knew him from my visits to the herbarium in Paris. Nonetheless, I could not fail to note his generous spirit. On several extended visits, I watched him play a very important role in Paris by extending a hospitable welcome to visitors (especially English-speaking visitors) and I know he delighted in inviting visitors to lunch so that he could learn more about their research and converse about systematic botany in general. I will miss him when I next get the chance to visit Paris. — Editor.

Prof. Dr. Jan Korna (1923-1994), Institute of Botany (KRA), Jagiellonian University, Krakcentsw, Poland died on 8 August 1994 after a serious illness. He was the author of numerous works in plant taxonomy, phytogeography (African vegetation), ecology, and nature conservation. He was a member of the Polish Academy of Sciences and of many national and international scientific associations.

Dr. Andre Joseph Guillaume Henri Kostermans (1907-1994) died in Indonesia on 10 July 1994. He was born in Purworejo, Java, Dutch East Indies, and spent most of his professional life studying the plants of Southeast Asia. (At an early stage in his career he also contributed a number of family treatments to Pulle's Flora of Suriname). Kostermans was especially interested in Lauraceae, Malvales (Bombacaceae and Sterculiaceae), and Dipterocarpaceae. In recent years he turned his attention to Asian Anacardiaceae. He was a very productive worker and published extensively on these and other groups.

Kostermans suffered a serious heart attack in March 1991, but even that did not slow him down. He had occasion to write me (9 April 1991) from his hospital bed and he stated that his medical confinement afforded him the opportunity "to do some writing [including] putting the finishing touch to a fat manuscript on the Mango species (69 species) ... If I am lucky I shall have a chance to see it." Kostermans was lucky and he did live to see it published by Academic Press in 1993. — Editor. [A brief notice was also published in Flora Malesiana Bulletin 11(3): 239-240. 1994].

Robert M. Lloyd (1938-1994), a pteridologist on the faculty of the Department of Environmental Plant Biology, Ohio University, Athens, OH, USA, died on 8 December 1994. He studied the genetics, reproductive biology, and ecology of many different groups of ferns.

Askel Love (1916-1994), prominent plant cytotaxonomist and phytogeographer, died on 29 May 1994. Love, a native of Iceland, held professional positions in his native country, Canada, and the USA. See W. A. Weber [Taxon 43(4): 670-671. 1994] for a more-detailed obituary.

Lothian Lynas, former reference librarian for The New York Botanical Garden (NYBG), died on 25 September 1994. Mrs. Lynas served two terms as the head of reference services in the NYBG Library. Her first term was from January 1967 to December 1972; her second from September 1978 to May 1991. In total she worked at the NYBG Library over 18 << years, very much the public face of the Garden's Library.

She was a remarkable reference librarian, indefatigable in her search for information. Patti Hagen in an article appearing in the Wall Street Journal in September 1990, described her this way: "a crack English research librarian, Mrs. Lynas is The New York Botanical Garden's Miss Marples." And so she was, drawing from her own extensive knowledge of botanical and horticultural information and bibliography to answer the scholarly, the urgent, and the arcane. Always friendly and receptive to the information seeker, she had a sharp wit, a keen sense of humor and a perceptive insight in dealing with her friends and colleagues. Mrs. Lynas was of the old tradition at the Garden, established in the days of Elizabeth C. Hall and T. H. Everett. Arriving at work about 10 a.m., she often worked at her desk and in the stacks late into the night, or even into the wee small hours to respond to the information needs of staff, students, and public users. Because of her presence in the evenings and weekends she became well-acquainted with the graduate and school of horticulture students and was a true advocate for their information needs within the Library. The vertical file (clipping file) was one of her great interests. It easily doubled in size during her years at the Garden. She scanned most of the journals and new books received in the Library and was always making copies of articles or paragraphs on subjects she knew were "hot" and about which the Garden would be receiving inquiry. In her retirement, Lothian maintained correspondence with the Library staff and many of her friends in the USA. Her letters are a reflection of her personality — observant, involved, and candid. She also lived up to her reputation as a hard worker. Soon after she settled into her house in Hastings, England, she signed on as a volunteer in the Library at Kew and commuted two hours each way one day each week to stay involved in the botanical library world.

She is sorely missed by her many friends and colleagues at NYBG and in the spheres of botany, horticulture, and publishing that she worked with while in New York. — John F. Reed, Director of the Library, New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458-5126, USA. (Reprinted from CBHL Newsletter, Fall 1994).

Dr. Kittie Fenley Parker (1910-1994) died on 9 November 1994 in San Diego, CA, USA. She was Professor Emeritus of Botany at George Washington University (GWU) and a Research Associate of the Smithsonian Institution, both Washington, DC, USA. She received a BA (1930) and an MA (1932) from the University of California at Berkeley and PhD (1946) from the University of Arizona. She began teaching botany courses first in the School of Agriculture at the University of Arizona and later in the 1950s at the George Washington University where she rose to the rank of Full Professor. At GWU she taught popular undergraduate courses in field botany, taxonomy of flowering plants, horticulture, economic botany, and graduate courses in plant systematics, including systematics of Poaceae and Asteraceae. She retired from GWU in 1979, received emeritus status, and continued to teach horticulture for several more years. The new greenhouse at GWU was named for her as a tribute to the plant teaching-collection she accumulated and maintained.

Between 1959 and 1989, Kittie also worked in her spare time in the Department of Botany, Smithsonian Institution. Here she identified hundreds of Mexican Asteraceae collections that had been sent to the U.S. National Herbarium for identification and pursued her research interest in Hymenoxys and Tetraneuris (both Asteraceae). She published her research on the South American species of both genera. While at the Smithsonian, Kittie was very instrumental in placing a number of her botany students in various open positions in the Department of Botany. She was also an active member and past president of the Botanical Society of Washington and a long-time member and former secretary of the Potomac Chrysanthemum Society. Her late husband, Kenneth Parker, was Chief of the Range Research Division of the U.S. Forest Service. Kittie is survived by two grand-daughters. She will long be remembered by her many friends and colleagues in the Department of Botany for her kindness and outgoing personality. — Dieter C. Wasshausen, Department of Botany, NHB-166, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560-0001, USA.


A number of fascicles have appeared recently in the Flora del Bajio (1991-x), which is edited by Jerzy Rzedowski and Craciela Caldercentsn de Rzedowski (see "New Books"). They include: Fasc. 23. Plantanaceae. By Eleazar Carranza (1994). Pp. 7; Fasc. 24. Lythraceae. By Shirley A. Graham (1994). Pp. 62; Fasc. 25. Lophosoriaceae. By Mcentsnica Palacios-Rios (1994). Pp. 5; Fasc. 26. Smilacaceae. By Graciela Caldercentsn de Rzedowski & Jerzy Rzedowski (1994). Pp. 23; Fasc. 27. Buxaceae. By Rafael Fern ndez Nava (1994). Pp. 6; Fasc. 28. Cochlospermaceae. By Graciela Caldercentsn de Rzedowski (1994). Pp. 6; Fasc. 29. Cupressaceae. By Sergio Zamudio and Eleazar Carranza (1994). Pp. 21; Fasc. 30. Zygophyllaceae. By Jerzy Rzedowski & Graciela Caldercentsn de Rzedowski (1994). Pp. 22; Fasc. 31. Violaceae. By Harvey E. Ballard, Jr. (1994). Pp. 38.

In addition, another fascicle in the complimentary series has appeared: Fasc. Complementario V. Lista de la flora espontanea del Jardin Botanico "El Charco del Ingenio", San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato (Mexico). By Walter L. Meagher (1994). Pp. 36.

The Manual of Vascular Plants of Central French Guiana is a joint project of ORSTOM-Cayenne (CAY), French Guiana and The New York Botanical Garden (NY), Bronx, NY, USA. It began in l965 with exploration by ORSTOM around the village of Sa&tm;l, French Guiana. The editors of the two-volume manual are Scott Mori (NY), Georges Cremers (CAY), Carol Gracie (NY), Jean-Jacques de Granville (CAY), Michel Hoff (ORSTOM), and John D. Mitchell (NY). A total of 52 specialists have prepared or are preparing treatments for the manual. To date, approximately 12,000 collections of vascular plants have been gathered. Among these collections are 2035 species, nearly 50 of which are new to science and over 200 of which are new to the flora of French Guiana. The ability to climb into trees, which account for 64% of the plant diversity of central French Guiana, has been extremely important. For example, 19 of the 22 new species of tree gathered as part of the project were collected by climbers using French tree climbing spikes.

The first volume of the manual has been submitted to The New York Botanical Garden for consideration for publication. This volume includes introductory material, including a chapter on aids for identification, keys to the families, and treatments of the 200 species of ferns and fern allies, the single gymnosperm, and the 400 species of monocotyledons. The largest family, the Orchidaceae with 69 genera and ca. 150 species, was prepared by Eric Christenson. — Scott A. Mori, The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458-5126, USA. (Reprinted from: Flora of the Guianas Newsletter No. 10, Special Workshop Issue, 1994).

Another active Mexican flora project, Flora del Valle de Tehuac n-Cuicatl n (1993-x), edited by a committee led by Patricia D. D vila Aranda (see "New Books") has published the following fascicles: Fasc. 3. Poaceae (Arundinoideae, Bambusoideae, Centothecoideae). By Patricia D vila & Jorge S nchez-Ken (1994). Pp. 35; Fasc. 4. Araliaceae. By Rosalinda Medina Lemos (1994). Pp. 13; Fasc. 5. Linaceae. By Jerzy Rzedowski & Graciela Caldercentsn de Rzedowski (1994). Pp. 19; Fasc. 6. Cistaceae. By Graciela Caldercentsn de Rzedowski & Jerzy Rzedowski (1994). Pp. 15; Fasc. 7. Arecaceae. By. Hermilo Quero (1994). Pp. 13.

Several fascicles in the Flora de Veracruz (1978-x) have appeared since it was last noted in the ASPT Newsletter. You may wish to take note of the following, which were edited by Victoria Sosa (see also "New Books"). Fasc. 75. Berberidaceae. By Jorge S. Marroguin (1993). Pp. 16; Fasc. 76. Convallariaceae. By Ana Rosa Lcentspez-Ferrari & Adolfo Espejo Serna (1993). Pp. 20; Fasc. 73. Convolvulaceae I. By Andrew McDonald (1993). Pp. 99; Fasc. 74. Cucurbitaceae. By Michael Nee (1993). Pp. 133; Fasc. 72. Solanaceae II. By Michael Nee (1993). Pp. 158.

Have you found any typographical errors or minor substantive errors in The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California (J. Hickman, ed., 1993)? If so, the Jepson editors would be grateful to receive your input before 1 April 1995 to aid in production of the next printing of the manual (1st edition). Corrections that change pagination cannot be considered for incorporation in the next printing (but see below). Any substantive corrections that require editorial judgement should be accompanied with documentation (e.g., literature or voucher citation). Please send your corrections to: Dr. Bruce Baldwin, Curator of the Jepson Herbarium, 1001 Valley Life Sciences Bldg. #2465, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-2465, USA. (e-mail: jepson@ucjeps.herb. In preparation for production of a more extensively revised 2nd edition of The Jepson Manual, the Jepson editors would also greatly appreciate any documented corrections of more substantial errors or problems in the manual. All corrections that would change pagination of the manual fall under this category. To aid editorial procedures, please segregate any corrections of this type under separate heading from typographical and other minor corrections discussed in the previous paragraph. These corrections may be sen to the same address given above.

The first two volumes of the Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana are in press and should be published and available by the summer of 1995. Volume 1 (Introduction) will be accompanied by two maps of the flora area at a 1:2,000,000 scale; one is a topographical map of the Venezuelan Guayana, with an index to place names, and the other is a color vegetation map. Both maps will be ready by February 1995. For further information about this flora project, please contact: Dr. Paul E. Berry, Missouri Botanical Garden, P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, MO 63166-0299, USA. (telephone: 314/ 577-5186; fax: 314/ 577-9596; e-mail:


Anderson, Edward F., Salvador Arias Montes, & Nigel P. Taylor. 1994. Threatened Cacti of Mexico. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AB, England. (telephone: [44] 81/ 332 5219; fax: [44] 81/ 332 5278). ISBN 0-947643-69-9 (paper); ISBN 0-947643-70-2 (cloth). Pp. 135. Price [ogonek]18 (paper), [ogonek]33 (cloth), plus shipping & handling.

Fifty-two taxa of Mexican cacti are treated in this book, many of which are listed in Appendix I of CITES. Each taxon believed to be rare and endangered is provided with information on scientific and vernacular names, synonymy, a description of the plant, geographical distribution and abundance, habitat, and evidence of threats to survival. There is also a chapter on propagation of cacti by Andrea Cattabriga. This publication is an expansion and updating of studies done from 1986 to 1988 in Mexico for World Wildlife Fund-U.S. It provides an important guide for conservation efforts while also making an important contribution to the scientific understanding of the larger ecosystem in which these threatened taxa live. — Alberto E. Areces-Mallea, New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458-5126, USA.

Arditti, Joseph (ed.). 1994. Orchid Biology: Reviews and Perspectives, VI. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 605 Third Ave., New York, NY 10458-0012, USA. (telephone: 212/ 850-6336). ISBN 0-471-54907-X. Cloth. Pp. xv + 610, illus. $115, plus postage & handling.

The Orchidaceae is one of the few angiosperm families that is either large enough or economically important enough to ensure that volumes on its biology will appear from time to time. The series of books edited by Joseph Arditti, though not confined strictly to biology, has provided a venue for many years for review articles on diverse aspects of orchid study. The sixth volume in this series follows essentially the same format as previous volumes. In the preface, Joseph Arditti recalls personal experiences with, and gives background details on, the authors and those to whom the book is dedicated. The first chapter consists of a personal memoir, in this case by Dr. A. N. Millar, who spent much of her life in southeast Asia. In it she relates her experiences collecting orchids in Papua New Guinea, including her efforts in conservation and her relationship with the Lae Botanical Garden.

Following are chapters dealing with history, insect-plant interactions (including pollination), ecology, development, physiology, and horticultural economics. In all of the central chapters except the historical one a helpful glossary is included. The book closes with an appendix devoted to a horticultural topic, in this case a compendium of orchid pests. P. Jacquet's chapter on history of orchids in Europe through the seventeenth century provides a detailed survey of early authors who mentioned native orchids in their writings. In addition to enumerating the taxa they included, Jacquet gives background information on each author, and describes early medical uses and claims for the species. The earliest, appearing in herbals, are usually medical uses, many of which would either horrify or amuse modern-day physicians. The broad geographic coverage and ample bibliography provide a useful entry into this often obscure literature.

R. Peakall reviews the little studied subject of ant-orchid interactions. Phenomena ranging from the fairly well known use of orchid pseudobulbs as a place of ant habitation, to lesser known subjects such as ant pollination of orchids, ant defense of orchid plants, and orchid growth in ant nests, are described. Peakall provides insightful discussion under each of these topics and poses questions that suggest a framework for further observations.

R. Ernst and J. Arditti discuss the phenomenon of resupination, detailing the different ways in which it can be achieved, and describing the experiments that have been performed to uncover the underlying mechanisms. An annotated table of literature observations is included, which is most helpful. This is a useful review of a subject for which, until now, only widely scattered observations were available. There are a few nomenclatural problems (equating Calopogon barbatus with C. pulchellus; use of the incorrect Cypripedium spectabilis instead of Cyp. reginae) and grammatical errors (several subject-verb disagreements), but these are minor points. P. N. Avadnani, H. Nair, J. Arditti, and C. H. Hew review the many aspects of orchid floral physiology. As in the previous chapter, the authors describe numerous experiments that suggest the causes of changes occurring during the life of a flower. Much of the discussion centers on the role of hormones and their exogenous application as an experimental approach. Several useful tables summarizing physiological phenomena are presented, although some tables, as well as many graphs from original literature could probably have been eliminated from this long (173 pp.) chapter. In particular, the twenty-two page table listing reactions of cut flowers to dozens of treatment solutions would not have been missed. Text that clearly interpreted and synthesized the results would have been more instructive and efficient in a review. The heavy and repeated criticism of a single paper (Goh et al., 1985; pp. 306-308) is conspicuous, and seems out of place. Given that the chapter is so long and contains accounts of so many experiments, a better tying together and summarizing of what has been learned from the many observations would have been welcome (only a brief one page summary is presented).

C. H. Hew discusses the economics and practical aspects of the orchids as cut-flowers industry in the members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Numerous topics are discussed, from economic importance of orchid flowers to these countries, methods of pest control, propagation, culture, to methods of treating and storing cut flowers. D. Christensen reviews the extent of knowledge about fly pollination in orchids. She discusses taxa of dipterans involved, syndromes exhibited by the orchids, and provides a summary, by subfamily and tribe, of orchid species that are pollinated, at least in part, by flies. This taxonomically arranged discussion includes information on the floral specializations of fly pollinated species, and is a convenient resource for individuals interested in fly pollination of particular groups. Suggestions for further observations that will increase our understanding of this syndrome are also given.

The final chapter, by S. K. Chuo, R. Ernst, and J. Arditti, is a useful compendium of orchid pests. A key to pests is provided, as is a section providing information on the types of insecticides available and appropriate precautions. Following this, a section giving detailed information about particular pests is presented. For each pest information on symptoms, orchids susceptible, and control are given, as well as additional references. This chapter should be useful to both home and commercial orchid growers.

The book is well-printed and bound. Acid-free paper was used, a standard that should be followed industry wide. Photographs reproduced well, as did most line drawings and tables, although some detail is lost in rather complex graphs that are reduced too much (e.g., pp. 176-177). It is unfortunate that for this volume of the series the cost has nearly doubled over previous ones. The broad selection of topics means that for any individual there may be something of interest, but also means that a significant proportion of the book may not be very relevant to a given reader, which could make it difficult to justify the cost. — J. V. Freudenstein, Harvard University Herbaria, 22 Divinity Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.

Chen Sing-chi, Li Jiao-lan, Zhu Xiang-yun, & Zhang Shi-yun. 1993. Bibliography of Chinese Systematic Botany, 1949-1990. Guangdong Science & Technology Press, Rm. 1405, 11 Shuiyin Rd., Guangzhou 510075, China. (telephone: [86] 20/ 7768688; fax: [86] 20/ 7764169). ISBN 75359-1164 1/Q.8. Cloth. Pp. 820. $98, plus shipping (surface $10, air $20).

E. D. Merrill and E. H. Walker's A Bibliography of Eastern Asiatic Botany and its supplement, published in 1938 and 1960 respectively, were the last major bibliographic compilations of Chinese systematic botany. In this newest compendium Chen et al. have compiled, translated, and provided brief summaries of over 7000 articles published between 1949 and 1990. These articles deal specifically with the systematics, phytogeography, conservation biology, and economic uses (medicinal) of Chinese bryophytes and vascular plants. Given that many of these articles are probably unknown to most western researchers, this volume is a potentially valuable source of information. The preface is short and concise; it explains the layout of the book and criteria for selection of articles. The remainder of the volume is divided into nine sections. Two of these, the "Reference List of Serial Abbreviations" and "Index of Chinese Serials" are particularly useful for obtaining correct citations for obscure and out-of-print references. Collectively, these two sections list titles of over 450 edited volumes, conference proceedings, and serials appearing between 1949 and l990, their accepted abbreviated form, date of inception, breaks in publication, frequency, language, and whether English abstracts are provided.

The bulk of the book consists of over 7000 unabbreviated citations. Although the book emphasizes articles published by Chinese authors in Chinese journals, Chen et al. have included pertinent articles published in western journals. I found the map of China showing its provinces and major cities, with their accepted and alternative spellings particularly useful. In a volume of this magnitude typographical errors, omission of relevant papers, and similar problems are expected. The small number of misspellings suggests a great deal of time and care went into the preparation of this book. Unfortunately, a number of relevant nomenclatural and paleobotanical papers have been missed. Other problems include a reference to the undefined geographical regions I, II, and III in the "Regional Index." A second map or dotted lines delimiting these regions on the map noted above would have easily solved this problem. Although the instructions on how to use the book could have been written more clearly, cross referencing between most indices and appendices is excellent, allowing the reader to obtain information quickly and efficiently. As noted in the erratum slip, the bryophyte, pteridophyte, and gymnosperm families have been included with the angiosperms. There is a certain irony in having an error of this type in a book emphasizing taxonomy and systematics. Despite these relatively trivial problems, the overall quality, appearance, and utility of this book is impressive. In my opinion, Bibliography of Chinese Systematic Botany is an invaluable source of information for taxonomists, systematists, and phytogeographers and would be a useful addition to any serious researcher's library. — Ben A. LePage, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2E9, Canada.

Doutt, Richard L. 1994. Cape Bulbs. Timber Press Inc., 133 S.W. Second Ave., Suite 450, Portland, OR 97204-3527, USA. (telephone: 800/ 327-5680 or 503/ 227-2878; fax: 503/ 227-3070). ISBN 0-88192-245-5. Cloth. Pp. 254, illus. (incl. color). $34.95, plus postage & handling.

The Cape Province of South Africa is justifiably celebrated in botany for the diversity of its mostly endemic flora, and the species-rich radiation of particular angiosperm families within its relatively small geographic confines. Approximately 16% of this diversity is represented by geophytic plants, notably members of the Iridaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and Hyacinthaceae. The greatest concentration of these plants is in the southwestern Cape, where rainfall is restricted to the winter months, and summer brings unremitting drought. The horticulture of these plants has always had a small but devoted following in this country, chiefly in California, and information about them has never been compiled into a single (and single-minded) volume. Richard Doutt, a former University of California professor, has ably filled the vacuum with a modest but informative, no-nonsense guide to the cultivation of several hundred species of indigenous South African geophytes.

The book begins with a brief but studious discussion of the phytogeopgraphic uniqueness of the Cape flora and some of the reasons for it, accompanied by an account of the community wildflower shows held annually in some rural Cape communities. Throughout, the author touches on the issue of habitat and germplasm preservation and conservation, points frequently absent from like-minded volumes. Chapter Two focuses on the general culture of Cape bulbs, with some detailed accounts of success stories outside of Mediterranean-type climatic zones. The majority of the book's pages is devoted to an encyclopedia of the plants themselves. The discussions vary in length, but are uniformly well-researched by the author, who liberally quotes specialist literature from South Africa and elsewhere. As further evidence that he has done his homework, Doutt extensively cites the current systematic literature on the genera that he treats. A lack of familiarity with up-to-date nomenclature is often one of the glaring weaknesses of similar horticultural treatises. At the book's conclusion, the author provides a glossary of technical terms, extensive references, and a list of sources and specialist organizations.

The book is illustrated with 75 color plates, mostly close-ups of flowers, with a few springtime Cape vistas thrown in for good measure. The photos are mostly of modest quality. The pen and ink wash drawings by Shari Smith are graceful and accurate. Unlike the authors of a number of general guides to bulbous (and cormous) plants, whom the reader suspects might have little direct experience cultivating the rarer items cataloged within their books, Doutt writes from a great deal of personal experience, not only in the garden, but also in the field, where he has observed the objects of his obsession in their natural habitats. He speaks eloquently and passionately as well about their tenuous future in their homeland, and makes a persuasive argument for horticulturists to restrict their acquisitiveness to seed and seed-grown specimens, rather than direct-from-the wild (and difficult to acclimate) collections.

Cape Bulbs is a welcome addition to the popular literature on geophytic plants. Cape bulb enthusiasts will laud its compilation of otherwise difficult to obtain information, while newcomers will find it a sterling introduction to the world's most spectacular bulb flora. — Alan W. Meerow, I.F.A.S. Research and Education Center, University of Florida, 2305 Southwest College Ave., Fort Lauderdale, FL 33315, USA.

Eggli, Urs & Nigel Taylor (eds.). 1994. List of Names of Succulent Plants other than Cacti. Published 1950-1992 from Repertorium Plantarum Succulentarum. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AB, England. (telephone: [44] 81/ 332 5219; fax: [44] 81/ 332 5278). ISBN 0-947643-63-X. Paper. Pp. 176. [ogonek]10, plus postage & handling.

This is an alphabetic list of names of succulent plants pertaining to 27 families (the Cactaceae not included), published between 1950 and 1992. The list is an extract from the database of Repertorium Plantarum Succulentarum (RPS) maintained at the Municipal Succulent Collection, Zurich, Switzerland. There is also an index to genera and suprageneric taxa. Although the authors considered that a mere checklist of succulents giving no taxonomic treatment but only nomenclatural data was preferable at present, probably many readers would have preferred to have more information than is provided. Nonetheless, this checklist, giving a complete overview of the name changes for non-cactus succulent plants during the past 43 years, will be of good use to all who work with these fascinating plants. — Alberto E. Areces-Mallea, The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458-5126, USA.

Gelderen, D. M. van, P. C. de Jong, & H. J. Oterdoom. 1994. Maples of the World. Timber Press, Inc., 133 S.W. Second Ave., Suite 450, Portland, OR 97204-3527, USA. (telephone: 800/ 327-5680 or 503/ 227-2878; fax: 503/ 227-3070). ISBN 0-88192-000-2. Cloth. Pp. 458, illus. (incl. color). $59.95, plus $6.95 shipping & handling.

This monumental achievement will serve as the standard reference for students and fanciers of maples for the next decade, and perhaps even longer. This excellent compendium of wide ranging information about the genus Acer is equally useful to scientists, horticulturists, serious home gardeners, and all others with a genuine interest in trees. The 124 species, 95 subspecies, eight varieties, and single form are divided by the authors into 16 sections and eight of those sections are further subdivided into 19 series.

The first six chapters provide background information relating to the propagation, diseases and pests, structure, paleobotany, and taxonomy of maples. These are good chapters, but occasionally generalizations creep in when the authors try to summarize information about such a large and geographically diverse group. The reference to floral nectaries as honey discs is jolting.

Occasional omissions are to be expected in works of this scope. Acer caudatum ssp. ukurunduense is cited as occurring in China, Japan, and Sakhalin, but no mention is made of its natural occurrence in the southern far eastern region of Russia. Any shortcomings in this work are minor and should not take away from the quality and usefulness of this scholarly work. The bulk of the text is devoted to accounts, of first, the species, then the hybrids, followed by the cultivars. Seven indices containing relevant peripheral information add to the thoroughness of the coverage. The bibliography is one of the most comprehensive that I have seen. This book should be in every public library as well as on the shelf of dendrologists, serious horticulturists, and taxonomists interested in temperate woody plants. — Thomas Elias, U.S. National Arboretum, 3501 New York Ave., NE, Washington, DC 20002-1958, USA.

Greuter, Werner (ed., on behalf of the Special Committee on Names in Current Use; comp. by R. D. Hoogland, J. L. Reveal, M. J. [sic] Crosby, R. Grolle, G. Zijlstra, & J. C. David). 1993. NCU-1: Family Names in Current Use for Vascular Plants, Bryophytes, and Fungi. Koeltz Scientific Books, Box 1360, D-61453, Koenigstein, Germany. ISBN 3-87429-346-7. Paper. Pp. 95. DM 40, plus postage & handling.

This work lists family names for all non-algal extant plants and fungi, starting with 1 May 1753 (in practice often with Jussieu's Genera Plantarum, July-Aug. 1789). No cut-off is defined. Statements like "to be conserved against" or "to be rejected in favor of" foresee the need for further conservation of names.

For conservation of family names, parenthetical authorship is the most controversial topic. Hoogland and Reveal discuss in some detail the criteria to be applied. In general, basionyms are given, with full details of their source of validation. The problem remains to define what a basionym is. To reflect so-called "current use" of family names is not easy. For vascular plants the list includes names used in various major texts and reference works published since 1970, together with all currently conserved names and a few names not taken into consideration by the major texts. Family names of bryophytes seemingly cause few problems. For fungi the problems are great because family circumscriptions are currently unstable. David chose to include "names for which nomenclatural protection would be appropriate," but states that "nothing precludes further use of a name that is absent from the following list" (p. 71). However, he deliberately omitted new names created by some recent workers, some of which have not been taken up by any other mycologist, perhaps not even used again by their own authors, whereas he included names so recent that it is premature to assert if they are, indeed, in "current use." David even lists, with due mention of their status, some fungal names rejected by the 1987 Berlin Code.

The authors have, in principle, not exerted taxonomic censorship. The lists, thus, in some cases, seemingly back the views of extreme splitters and include names that few will adopt and that somebody will eventually reduce to synonymy. Relatively few taxonomists work at the family level, but for those who do NCU-1 presents the raw material from which to select names for the proper designation of families. No one should change names anymore for reasons other than those mandated by new taxonomic insight.

The main goal of the NCU lists [see reviews of NCU-2 and NCU-3 in Taxon 43(4) and 45(1), and reviews of all three in the ASPT Newsletter 8(1)] has been to ensure nomenclature clarity and stability. Since the proposal to conserve names in current use failed at the 1993 Tokyo Congress, the work of the Standing Committee on Names in Current Use will continue. Hopefully, the necessary steps will be taken at the next Congress held in St. Louis in 1999. — Liv Borgen, Botanical Garden and Museum, University of Oslo, Trondheimsveien 23 B, N-0562 Oslo, Norway.

Isely, Duane. 1994. One Hundred and One Botanists. Iowa State University Press, 2121 S. State Ave., Ames, IA 50014-8300, USA. (telephone: 800/ 862-6657 or 515/ 292-0155; fax: 515/ 292-3348). ISBN 0-8138-2498-2. Cloth. Pp. xiii + 351, illus. $32.95, plus postage & handling.

There has been nothing quite like Isely's portrait gallery. Can you name the sixteen on the dust jacket? Isely includes Aristotle (with reservation), Theophrastus, Clusius, Bauhin, Gerard, and others, but his focus is on the nineteenth century Euro-American "greats." His gallery after Agnes Arber and Agnes Chase closes with Winona Welch who died in 1991. Each accompanying essay was "compiled" with "almost no primary investigation." It all began with a weekly column and the threat of graduate students, "why don't you put these together as a book?"

Another Iowan botanist, Louis Hermann Pammel (1862-1931), who lived in Ames three decades, but is not included in this gallery, authored "Botanists I have known" with portraits. Pammel's thesis of 1899 was "Anatomical characters of the seeds of Leguminosae." Isely followed with a scrutiny of weeds and seeds and writings on legumes. He has stirred in pithy comment: "Had Darwin been employed at Iowa State University, not only would there have been no Origin, but he would have been given his walking papers because of zilch research production. Indeed he probably would not have survived graduate training." Of the "major botanists" he says "many have been unable to resist the temptation to frighten undergraduates with a difficult textbook" (p. 226). There are other occasions when, to quote Rabelais, Isely's prose is "above the pitch, out of tune, and off the hinges." Would you think, for example, Mattioli "hell-bent"? or John Ray ever "out on his ears?" You may expect "shebang" (p. 181) or perhaps you would like to meet a botanist, "a nice guy, and industrious as hell — if that is any help" (p. 17). Isely vowed not to treat botanists as "disembodied spirits."

With the exception of the Winona Welch photograph, all the portraits published have been furnished by the Hunt Institute. Unfortunately the alleged portrait of John Bartram (p. 80), also reproduced by Hugh Johnson in his Principles of Gardening (p. 60), is mistaken identity which originated with the National Portrait Gallery. Without question M. L. Fernald and Charles Deam are not portrayed as "disembodied spirits." Liberty Hyde Bailey is affectionately remembered as "more than a plant scientist; he was a phenomenon of creation, among the most broadly gifted biologists produced by God/or nature." Isely heard him speak at Cornell. — Joseph Ewan, Missouri Botanical Garden, P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, MO 63166-0299, USA.

Powell, A. Michael. 1994. Grasses of the Trans-Pecos and Adjacent Areas. University of Texas Press, P.O. Box 7819, Austin, TX 78713-7819, USA. ISBN 0-292-76553-3 (cloth), 0-292-76556-8 (paper). Pp. xiv + 377. Illus., incl. map. $75 (cloth), $29.95 (paper), plus shipping & handling.

This floristic account of grasses is intended to cover a wider area than southwestern Texas, and will be useful in regions of Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and northern Mexico dominated by aridity and a summer rainfall regime. It provides coverage for most grasses of the Chihuahuan Desert and desert grasslands of the southwestern USA and northern Mexico, and short and mid-grass prairies of the southern Great Plains, along with cohorts from Madrean Woodlands and the southern Rocky Mountains. The arid Trans-Pecos region itself is one of rugged desert limestone ranges and ancient volcanos reaching over 8000 ft elevation, long tapering bajadas, deeply eroded low rocky hills and plateaus, and gentle plains and basins dropping from 4000 to 1000 ft above sea level. It is edaphically diverse with lavas, granites, limestones, sands, gypsums, caliche, and clays of many kinds. It is very rich in grasses with nearly 20% of the USA species occurring there. As such, this should prove to be a widely useful identification manual.

Grass taxonomy is well trodden ground in Texas and Powell has drawn on the many published works and theses for the state and region. He also consulted specialists for difficult groups (e.g., Aristida, Bouteloua, Muhlenbergia, and Stipa s.l.) to bring their taxonomy up to date.

The species are illustrated, at least by spikelets. The fine illustrations from A. S. Hitchcock's Manual of the Grasses of the United States (reprinted by Dover Publications, 1971) will be familiar. The new illustrations are somewhat variable in quality and scale (not indicated), but are mostly serviceable to good. A drawback for an introductory text, the book provides adequate species keys, but sketchy to very sketchy diagnoses for individual species. Without species descriptions (except for regionally monotypic genera) users of the book will be forced to consult the illustrations (which we do anyway) and other source books for verification (e.g., Hitchcock, cited above, and Gould, The Grasses of Texas, Texas A&M University Press, 1975). The notes on taxonomy, nomenclature, habitat, flowering time, forage value, and other aspects of natural and cultural history, are informative and refreshing to read. Local distribution documentation is extensive and specific, but collectors are cited only for unusual records. This is a great resource for distribution mapping.

The genera and species are generally arranged in a linear classification sequence. The classification is said to follow Clayton and Renvoize (Genera Graminum: Grasses of the World, Kew Bull., Addit. Ser. XIII, 1986), and Gould (cited above), but placing Stipeae in the Arundinoideae is contrary to those references, and to much traditional and molecular data. In addition, the classification of certain controversial groups is uneven. Stipa s.l. is maintained "for practical reasons only" (specialists generally consider the traditional North American circumscription to be polyphyletic). At the other extreme, Triticeae generic splinterings are accepted (on the basis of "impractical for a field manual," and scientifically controversial "genome analysis"), rather than following more moderate, but essential revisions advocated elsewhere. For those interested, and to the author's credit, citations are made to the pertinent literature.

Some difficulties were encountered in the key to tribes. Some obvious taxa are buried in the key (e.g., Pappaphoreae with many awns, Cenchrus with burrs, Tragus with distinctive hooks on the lemmas), and some unnecessary leads are included (e.g., Poeae are keyed with single flowers though no single-flowered genera or species occur in the region). More disturbingly, some taxa can not be determined with the key; Blepharoneuron, Muhlenbergia, and Lycurus have single florets per spikelet and membranous ligules, and thus can not be keyed out here. Koeleria has glumes nearly equalling, but shorter than the florets, and it keys to Poeae rather than Aveneae. In these and other exceptional cases, allowances should have been noted in the keys. The book is nicely faced and well bound for the field. It will be a helpful companion in the field and lab to naturalists, ranchers, and other land managers needing a quick reference to grasses. $75 is undoubtedly too much to pay for a local treatment of a single family (even for grasses). $30, for the soft cover, is more reasonable, and probably worth your while if you want to learn more about southwestern grasses. — Robert R. Soreng, L. H. Bailey Hortorium, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA and c/o Department of Botany, NHB-166, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560-0001, USA.

Sajeva, Maurizio & Mariangela Costanzo. 1994. Succulents: The Illustrated Dictionary. Timber Press Inc., 133 S.W. Second Ave., Suite 450, Portland, OR 97204-3527, USA. (telephone: 800/ 327-5680 or 503/ 227-2878; fax: 503/ 227-3070). ISBN 0-88192-289-7. Cloth. Pp. 239, illus., incl. color. $39.95, plus postage & handling.

This book is authored by the president and secretary, respectively, of the Italian Cactus and Succulent Society. It follows the format of Cacti: The Illustrated Dictionary (Preston-Mafham, 1991) to treat the non-cactus succulents. As the subtitle indicates, the plants are presented in alphabetical order (by genus and species name), and each is illustrated (by a color photograph). Each taxon is accompanied by a brief description, along with family classification, synonymy, place of origin, and CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species) status.

In total, the book contains more than 1200 photographs, representing nearly 200 genera from 35 families of seed plants. About half of the genera depicted belong to the Asclepiadaceae, Mesembryanthemaceae, or Crassulaceae. Other material in the volume includes an introduction, family summary, CITES description, conduct code, checklist of names, and suggested readings.

The purpose of this book, to provide "a reference for succulent enthusiasts and collectors" (fide dust jacket), is well-served. The book also fills a need, as I am aware of no other volume for succulent identification of such comprehensive scope that has been published in the last decade. It nicely complements Rauh's Wonderful World of Succulents (1984) and Jacobsen's Handbook of Succulents (1960). However, those wanting horticultural instruction will have to look elsewhere, as no advice for growing or propagating succulents is included in this volume. The book's introduction provides a definition of succulence, discussion of its morphological and adaptive characteristics, and consideration of conservation. The authors make no attempt to review or revise classification or nomenclature, which they characterize (in the forward) as chaotic and unstable. Due to the enormity of this task, they defer to names currently in use. The high point of the book is definitely the lovely color photographs, taken in a variety of private collections and public gardens. These are the work of Pierfranco and Daniele Constanzo and others credited on p. 239 (not p. 240, as stated in the acknowledgments). The pictures are all clear and sharp, generally taken closeup against a contrasting black background. Most of the text descriptions give a size measurement, providing the necessary scale reference. The only disappointment for me was that nearly all the plants are depicted in vegetative state. The weak point of the book is the family summary section. The descriptions given are frequently so general as to be meaningless. For example, in the caption to Fig. 3 (p. 16) the illustrated flower (Crassulaceae) is characterized as "very simple" and "arranged in inflorescences." In another case, the only feature given for the genus Pedilanthus (Euphorbiaceae) is "shrubs with several branches and small leaves" (p. 19). Based on the treatment of the Portulacaceae, with which I am most familiar and could critique most thoroughly, I would be hesitant to recommend this book as a strong source of information. The arrangement of the text and illustrations, in columnar format, is very appealing. The print size in the dictionary section may be too small for some eyes, however! Only two typographical errors were noted; "Distribution" for Bromeliaceae is set in lower case, rather than all upper case consistent with the other sections (p. 15), and Talinum sepals are described as "two-keeled" (p. 23), which should be two words. Although the authors direct interested readers to additional works cited in the back of the book, this bibliography seems rather thin. It includes references for only 12 families and even for these it overlooks some important publications. The authors suggest (p.11) that succulent specialty periodicals are the best source of information, yet no listing of journals or societies is included.

I commend the authors for their attention to conservation issues, as discussed in the introduction, and by specific inclusion of CITES information and the IOS (International Organization for Succulent Plant Study) conduct code. While sources for complete copies of the code are provided (p. 230), no addresses are given for individuals and organizations. Despite its shortcomings, this beautiful and reasonably priced book should be much appreciated and enjoyed by succulent enthusiasts. I eagerly await the publication of the next two volumes (alpines and bromeliads forthcoming) in this series. — Donna I. Ford, Biology Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506-6057, USA.

Sivarajan, V. V. & Indira Balachandran. 1994. Ayurvedic Drugs and their Plant Sources. International Science Publisher U.S.A., 52 LaBombard Rd. North, Lebanon, NH 03766-1400, USA. ISBN 1-881570-21-5. Cloth. Pp. xv + 570, illus. $77, plus postage & handling. This book is an important addition to ethnomedicinal research of plants. For the first time there is now available a documented publication which determines with accuracy the majority of species composing Ayurvedic drugs widely used in southern India. The authors have brought together Ayurvedic practitioners and researchers with botanists, and so have completed an authenticated inventory of more than 150 of the most relevant drugs of plant origin.

Concepts of Ayurveda and drug use are outlined in a 14 pp. Introduction, well worth reading for those unfamiliar with this traditional Indian medicinal system. We learn, for example, that Ayurvedic medicine is not only a science of treatment of the diseased, but it is holistic in that it covers physical, metaphysical, and spiritual aspects as well. The foremost aim of this medical treatment is to help individuals maintain health, and treating diseases is only secondary. In other words, this approach emphasizes preventative medicine, an idea only now gaining favor in Western allopathic medicine. The bulk of the volume, just over 500 pp., describes the drugs and the plants composing them. The whole is based on extensive field and laboratory studies, using particularly market samples obtained from selected centers throughout Kerala. Each drug is listed alphabetically by its most popular Ayurvedic name, and includes the binomials and synonyms of included plants, together with brief descriptions and notes on distribution. Reference to some of the most recent and important pharmacological and clinical studies are also given. Line drawings of many species provide the non-botanist in particular with an adequate means of identification. References and indices to binomials, Sanskrit names, Malayalam names, and illustrations conclude the text. This is not about Ayurvedic formulations and remedies. Those interested in these aspects should seek information elsewhere. References are, as might be expected, very largely of Indian origin, with scanty coverage of pharmacognosy and other relevant disciplines from non-Indian sources. Realizing this limitation, the user can readily search databases available elsewhere for pertinent information. Nevertheless, this criticism hardly detracts from the main purpose of this contribution, which is to provide a baseline of understanding what plants are used in Ayurvedic medicine. They have accomplished this goal well. — Memory Elvin-Lewis and Walter H. Lewis, Department of Biology, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130-4899, USA.

Swanson, Robert E. 1994. A Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Southern Appalachians. The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2715 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218-4319, USA. ISBN 0-8018-4555-6 (cloth), ISBN 0-8018-4556-4 (paper). Pp. x + 399, illus. $18.95 (paper), $55 (cloth), plus postage & handling.

Robert E. Swanson has assembled an attractive and useful guide to the woody plants of the Southern Appalachians. Swanson's book is presented in the format of a field guide, slightly larger than a Peterson field guide, but readily portable. The area covered is "the mountains and higher foothills of western North Carolina, upper South Carolina, northeast Georgia, and Great Smoky Mountains National Park." For all species treated, it includes keys, relatively brief and non-technical descriptions in a standard format, scientific and common names, and brief descriptions of habitat and distribution within the area covered. Most species are illustrated with line drawings by Frances R. Swanson. Also included are an introduction explaining and illustrating many features of woody plants (such as fruit types and characters of winter twigs), a checklist, a glossary to the more technical terms used, and an index.

Considering the renowned diversity of the woody flora of the region, it is surprising that such a book has not been written before, and its appearance is a welcome one. The keys are generally excellent, and are not merely derivative of others available. Particularly welcome is the consistent inclusion of "winter keys" and detailed description of twig and bud characteristics, only sporadically covered in other floras and guides. The illustrations are not at the level of detail and accuracy of technical botanical drawings, but do a very good job of showing important characters, as well as the overall habit of the species. Those who prefer photographs will not be swayed, but drawings are often superior in showing important characters for identification. A minor inconvenience is the absence of dimensional scales on the drawings, requiring the user to refer to the text.

With few exceptions, the species covered, the nomenclature used for them, and the county distributions given for the rarer species seem to be derived from Radford, Ahles, and Bell (Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas, 1968). Thus we find Aesculus octandra, Vaccinium constablaei, V. vacillans, Rhododendron nudiflorum, Halesia carolina, Viburnum alnifolium, and other names now replaced in nearly all recent works. While some traditionalists will be pleased, this represents a throwback to nomenclature rejected in recent taxonomic literature. In some cases and with no explanation, Swanson returns to older names, such as Aristolochia durior (for A. macrophylla). Since synonymy is not given, the taxonomic intent is sometimes unclear. For instance, Celtis tenuifolia is not treated or mentioned; presumably, it is included in C. occidentalis, but the reader is left uncertain.

Swanson excludes, without mention or explanation, some species known from this area, including some treated by Radford, Ahles, and Bell, such as Juniperus communis, Myrica gale, Chamaedaphne calyculata, and Smilax laurifolia. Perhaps this decision was made because of the rarity of the species involved, but other, equally rare, species are treated. In other cases, Swanson does not include species found since the 1968 publication of Radford, Ahles, and Bell, such as Taxus canadensis, Ilex collina, and Salix caprea (all records published in studies published in regional journals well over a decade ago). The taxonomy utilized is fairly broad in most cases, ignoring recent studies supporting more finely divided taxa. For instance, Hydrangea is considered to include a single species only (even ignoring the three subspecies recognized by Radford, Ahles, and Bell), rather than the three species now generally accepted in the Southern Appalachians (H. arborescens, H. radiata, and H. cinerea). These omissions are regrettable, since one of the main benefits of a new treatment should be an opportunity to update distributions and taxonomy.

Overall, though, the problems and disappointments are minor, and mainly of concern to the professional systematist or ecologist working in the area. The many people interested in a compact, illustrated, and non-technical guide to the flora of the Southern Appalachians will find this volume a pleasure. It should help a much larger public appreciate and identify the diversity of shrubs and trees in the "southern mountains." — Alan Weakley, Southeast Regional Office, The Nature Conservancy, 101 Connor Dr., Suite 302, Chapel Hill, NC 26514, USA.

Zheng-yi, Wu & Peter H. Raven (co-chairs ed. committee). 1994. Flora of China. Vol. 17. Verbenaceae through Solanaceae. Co-publishers: Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden (St. Louis). Available from: Department Eleven, Missouri Botanical Garden, P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, MO 63166-0299, USA. (telephone: 314/ 577-9534; fax: 314/ 577-9594; e-mail: ISBN 0-915279-24-X (Vol. 17). Cloth. Pp. xi + 378. $75, plus postage (standing orders available). Verbenaceae written by: Chen Shou-liang & Michael G. Gilbert. Lamiaceae written by: Li Hsi-wen & Ian C. Hedge. Solanaceae written by: Lu An-ming, Zhang Zhi-yun, & W. G. D'Arcy. This is the first of 25 volumes to be published over the next 15 years. It contains treatments of Verbenaceae, Lamiaceae, and Solanaceae.

As indicated in the Foreword and Introduction, this is a new work based upon the Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (FRPS). While this work is mostly an English translation of FRPS, it has also been updated and revised in collaboration with many western botanists.

The present work consists of treatments of 20 genera and 182 species of Verbenaceae by Chen Shou-liang and Michael G. Gilbert; 96 genera and 807 species of Lamiaceae by Li Hsi-wen (Li Xiwen) and Ian C. Hedge; and 20 genera and 101 species of Solanaceae by Zhang Zhi-yun, Lu An-ming, and William D'Arcy; an index to the Chinese names (Chinese characters arranged by number of strokes); an index to Chinese names (Pinyin transliteration arranged alphabetically); an index to scientific names; and an index to the volume on families in the Flora of China and FRPS series.

The generic and species descriptions include the following: author and bibliographic citations for recognized names and basionyms (but bibliographic citations are not included for synonyms); Chinese names (mostly from FRPS); and descriptions. Species descriptions also include phenology, habitats, altitude, distribution, and occasionally notes on the taxonomy of the group. Although these descriptions follow closely those in FRPS, they have been modified, abbreviated and some of the information in FRPS such as discussions of taxonomy and synonymy have been left out. On the other hand, new species and nomenclature that were not in FRPS have been added to the present work. Students of Chinese botany would do well to consult both floras. The keys to genera and species work well. I keyed out five specimens with little difficulty. The keys to genera of Lamiaceae, like most keys to Lamiaceae, rely heavily on floral characters that may be difficult to see on herbarium specimens (especially fruiting material).

The descriptions are somewhat sloppy in that they are not parallel, though this may be for lack of information rather than carelessness. In some cases, it seems that characters have been casually added such as "plants not aromatic" is included in the generic description of Scutellaria (Lamiaceae) whereas the aromatic qualities of other genera are not mentioned even though the family is described as "usually aromatic." Are all other genera aromatic, or is the information not available for some genera? Such inconsistencies were perpetuated throughout the work. I would be more comfortable if the authors wrote "information not available" as they did for some species of Lycianthes (Solanaceae), in which they wrote "flowers were not seen."

Future volumes of the Flora of China could be improved in a few other ways. A map of China would be most useful, especially one indicating the provinces and autonomous regions. I would recommend this be added to future volumes. Lists of references under the appropriate genus would assist western botanists in accessing Chinese and other literature. Literature citations of illustrations (such as is done in the recently published Flora of Japan) would be invaluable to those of us who have no access to Chinese specimens.

All in all, this is an exceptional work and everyone who played a part in its compilation is to be commended. I would heartily recommend the flora to anyone interested in Chinese plants. — Steven Clemants, Brooklyn Botanic Garden 1000 Washington Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11225, USA.


Lye, K. A. (ed.). 1994. Lidia. A Norwegian Journal of Botany 3(4): 109-140. (23 December 1994). ISSN 0801-1524. Department of Biology and Nature Conservation, The Agricultural University of Norway, Box 5014, N-1432 Aas, Norway. — Lidia is "sent free to botanical institutions in exchange for periodicals or reports." The journal is published at irregular intervals, each volume made up of 150-200 pp. in 4-6 parts. Most papers are in English, but a few are in Norwegian with an English summary. The current number includes articles on the rust flora of the Greek islands; Marantaceae in Ethiopia; new combinations in African Cyperaceae; and Juncaceae in Somalia.


Adema, F., P. W. Leenhouts, & P.C. van Welzen. 1994. Flora Malesiana. Series I-Spermatophyta. Vol. 11 (Pt. 3). Sapindaceae. Pp. 419-768. Foundation Flora Malesiana. Available from:

Publication Department, Rijksherbarium/Hortus Botanicus, P.O. Box 9514, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands. (fax: [31] 71/ 273511). ISBN 90-71236-21-8. Paper. Illus. Price not given.

Anonymous. 1994. XV International Botanical Congress. Yokohama, Japan. Pacifico Yokohama. August 28-September 3, 1993. Proceedings. Distributed by: XV International Botanical Congress Tokyo, Botanical Gardens, Faculty of Science, The University of Tokyo, 3-7-1 Hakusan, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 112, Japan. No ISBN. Paper. Pp. ii + 94, illus. (incl. color). Price not given. — This booklet evidently was distributed to all who participated in the congress. (The booklet includes a list of 4275 participants and 153 "Accompanying persons"). In addition to information on the organization, preparation, and scientific program of the congress, there are also sections with the text of several reports and the plenary lectures given by J. Schnell and P. H. Raven.

*Chadwick, Derek J. (organizer) & Joan Marsh (eds.). 1994. Ethnobotany and the Search for New Drugs. Ciba Foundation Symposium 185, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 605 Third Ave., New York, NY 10158-0012, USA. ISBN 0-471-95024-6. Cloth. Pp. ix + 280, illus. Price not given. — Sixteen papers presented at a symposium of the same title, held at the Hotel Praia Centro, Fortaleza, Brazil, 30 November-2 December 1993. Introduction and conclusions contributed by G. T. Prance, Chairman of the symposium.

Clement, E. J. & M. C. Foster. 1994. Alien Plants of the British Isles. A Provisional Catalogue of Vascular Plants (excluding Grasses). Botanical Society of the British Isles. Available from: F & M Perring, BSBI Publications, Green Acre, Wood Lane, Oundle, Peterborough PE8 5TP, England. (telephone: [44] 832/ 273388; fax: [44] 832/ 274568). ISBN 0-901158-23-2. Pp. 590. [ogonek]15, plus postage and packing. — The book provides data on over 3000 taxa of alien plants found growing in the wild in the British Isles. Records are divided into the periods pre 1930 and post 1930. Data given include: frequency of occurrence, areas of origin, possible means of introduction, references to descriptions and illustrations, location of herbarium material, and numerous synonyms. A 230 p. index was compiled by R. G. Ellis. A companion volume on alien grasses is being prepared jointly with Bruno Ryves.

Cowan, Richard. 1994. History of Life. 2nd Ed. Blackwell Science, 238 Main St., Cambridge, MA 02142, USA. (telephone: 617/ 876-7000). ISBN 0-86542-354-7. Paper. Pp. 462, illus. $34.95, plus postage & handling. — The primary emphasis of this book is clearly on animals. There is one chapter, of only 12 pages, devoted to angiosperms and there are several partial chapters devoted to plants in general. The book will be of interest primarily to those teaching zoology or general biology.

D vila Aranda, Patricia D. et al. (eds.). 1993-x. Flora del Valle de Tehuac n-Cuicatl n. Instituto de Biologia, Universidad Nacional Autcentsnoma de Mexico, Instituto de Biologia, Departamento de Bot nica, Apartado Postal 70-233, 04510 Mexico, D.F., Mexico. (telephone: [52] 5/ 622-56-89 or 622-56-90; fax: [52] 5/ 616-23-26). Paper. Pagination varies, illus. Prices not given. (See "Flora Projects" for recent fascicles).

Dembele, B., A. Raynal-Roques, G. Salle, & C. Tuquet. 1994. Plantes Parasites des Cultures et des Essences Foresti...res au Sahel. Institut du Sahel, B.P. 1530, Bamako, Mali. (telephone: [223] 22/ 4681 or 22/ 2148; fax: [223] 22/ 59 80 or 22/ 23 37; telex: (0985) 2657 MJ). Available from: Editions John Libbey Eurotext, 6, rue Blanche, 92129 Montrouge, France. (telephone: [33] 47/ 35 85 52; fax: [33] 46 57 10 09) or John Libbey and Company Ltd., 13, Smiths Yard, Summerley St., London SW18 4HR, England. (telephone: [44] 947 27 77). ISSN 1019-5734. ISBN 2-7420-0048-8. Paper. Pp. 43, illus. (incl. color). Price not given. — An account of parasitic angiosperms affecting economically important plants in West Africa with information on how to eradicate the parasites and a key for identifying them.

Dezzeo, Nelda (ed.). 1994. Ecologia de la Altiplanicie de la Gran Sabana (Guayana Venezolana) I. Investigaciones sobre la din mica bosque-sabana en el sector SE: subcuencas de los rios Yuruani, Arabopcents y Alto Kuken n. Scientia GuaianŒ No 4: [i]-xxxviii, 1-205 + biographies of authors [3 pp.] & 3 appendices [Anexo 1- Geomorfologia, Anexo 2-Perfiles geomorfolcentsgicos, Anexo 3-Datos de la solucicentsn de equilibrio de los suelos analizados]. Available from: Otto Huber, Apartado 80.405, Caracas 1080-A, Venezuela. (telephone & fax: [58] 2/ 977.2528; e-mail: ISSN 0798-1120. ISBN 980-07-2178-9. Paper. Illus. (incl. color). $20 (incl. airmail dispatch). — The chapters in this number of Scientia GuaianŒ [see ASPT Newsletter 8(1)] outline the results of multidisciplinary research on forest-savannah dynamics in the Gran Sabana of southeastern Venezuela.

Douglas, George W., Gerald B. Straley, & Del Meidinger. 1994. The Vascular Plants of British Columbia. Part 4 — Monocotyledons. Research Branch, Ministry of Forests, 31 Bastion Sq., Victoria, British Columbia V8W 3E7, Canada. Available from: Crown Publications Inc., 546 Yates St., Victoria, British Columbia V8W IK8, Canada. ISSN 0843-6452 (no. 4). Pp. vii + 257. Paper. Price not given.

*Ferguson, I. K. & S. C. Tucker (eds.). 1994. Advances in Legume Systematics. Part 6. Structural Botany. Publication Sales, The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AB, England. (telephone: [44] 81/ 332 5219; fax: [44] 81/ 332 5278). ISBN 0-947643-78-8. Paper. Pp. xii + 259, illus. [ogonek]15, plus 15% postage & handling (Visa, M/C, & Amex accepted).

Fried Siesfeld, Heidi (ed.). 1994. Before the Green is Gone. Approaches to Biodiversity Research and Conservation. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458-5126, USA. ISBN not given. Paper. Pp. 44, illus. (incl. color). Price not given. — This brochure describes the research program and facilities of The New York Botanical Garden. Biographical sketches and photographs of curatorial staff are also included. The photographs are fun, anything but the staid "corporate" variety one usually sees in similar promotional literature.

*Genin, Andre. 1994. Application of Botany in Horticulture. 4th Ed. Science Publishers, Inc., 52 LaBombard Rd. North, Lebanon, NH 03766-1400, USA (telehone: 603/448-0037; fax: 603/448-2576). ISBN 1-886106-00-2. Cloth. Pp. xiii + 208, illus. $39.50, plus shipping & handling.

Goldblatt, Peter & Dale E. Johnson (eds.). 1994. Index to Plant Chromosome Numbers 1990-1991. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 51: i-ix, 1-267. Department Eleven, Missouri Botanical Garden, P.O. Box 299, St. Louis, MO 63166-0299, USA. (telephone: 314/ 577-9534; fax: 314/ 577-9594; e-mail: ISBN 0-915279-27-4. ISSN 0161-1542. Paper. $12, plus postage & handling.

Greuter, Werner et al. (eds.). 1994. International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Tokyo Code). Adopted by the Fifteenth International Botanical Congress, Yokohama, August-September 1993. Koeltz Scientific Books, D-61453 K%nigstein, Germany. Also available from: Koeltz Scientific Books (USA), 1911 N. Duncan Rd., Champaign, IL 61821, USA. (telephone: 217/ 355-1704 or 9331; fax: 217/ 355-9413). ISBN-37429-367-X. Cloth. Pp. xviii + 389. $51, plus $3.50 shipping & handling (orders sent to USA office). N.B.: IAPT members must order from the German office to get their discount.

Dan Nicolson (US) notes that by an unfortunate oversight, a cancelled page was printed instead of the correct p. 29. If you 1) delete the top two lines on p. 29: "family ... 32.7.)" and 2) renumber paragraphs 19.6, 19.7, and 19.8 to 19.5, 19.6, and 19.7 your copy will be correct.

Haller, Karen S. 1994. Walking with Wildflowers. A Field Guide to the St. Louis Area. University of Missouri Press, 2910 LeMone Blvd., Columbia, MO 65201, USA. ISBN 0-8262-0050-5. Pp. ix + 257, illus. (incl. color and maps). Price not given. — The author has introduced a novel twist for color guides to wildflowers. She combines maps of natural areas with photographs and text. The book is dedicated to the late Art Christ, who was well-known to St. Louis area naturalists.

Harling, Gunnar & Lennart Andersson (eds.). 1994. Flora of Ecuador No 51: 1-51. 58. Aristolochiaceae (by Favio Gonzalez). 59. Rafflesiaceae (by Uno H. Eliasson). Council for Nordic Publications in Botany, Gothersgade 130, DK-1123 Copenhagen K, Denmark. ISSN 0347-8742. ISBN 87-88702-78-2. Paper. Illus. Price not given. — The Aristolochiaceae of Ecuador include one genus (Aristolochia) and 15 species. An additional 7 species known to occur in either Colombia or Peru are also treated since they may eventually be found in Ecuador. The Rafflesiaceae of Ecuador consist of two genera, Apodanthes and Pilostyles, with one species each.

Hoagland, K. Elaine. 1994. Guidelines for Institutional Policies and Planning in Natural History Collections. The Association of Systematics Collections (ASC), 730 11th St., NW, 2nd Floor, Washington, DC 20001-4521, USA. (telephone: 202/ 347-2850). ISBN 0-942924-17-7. Paper. Pp. 124. $22 (add $7 for overseas airmail service). — This book reviews current practices and suggests important elements to include in policy documents for institutions that house biological, anthropological, and geological collections. Topics range from accessions to orphaned collections. Emphasis is given to topics that previously have not been the focus of in-depth policy discussions in the natural history community, including documentation, archives, ethics, health and safety, and hazardous wastes. In addition, there are guidelines for writing mission statements and developing a strategic plan. There is a bibliography for each chapter topic. References are provided to related articles that have been published by ASC. There are also references to model policy statements produced by ASC member institutions. In freestanding museums, university institutions and governmental agencies, this book should serve as a standard reference for all museum professionals, including administrators, curators, collection managers and users of biological, geological and archeological collections.

Ireland, Robert R. & William R. Buck. 1994. Stereophyllaceae. Flora Neotropica 65: 1-50. Scientific Publications Department, The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458-5126, USA. (telephone: 718/ 817-8721; fax: 718/ 817-8842). ISBN 0-89327-388-0. ISSN 0071-5794. Paper. Illus. $12.50, plus postage & handling.

*Johri, B. M. (ed.). 1994. Botany in India: History and Progress. Vol. 1. Science Publishers, Inc., 52 LaBombard Rd. North, Lebanon, NH 03766-1400, USA (telehone: 603/448-0037; fax: 603/448-2576). ISBN 1-886106-04-5. Cloth. Pp. xxxi + 521, illus. $85, plus shipping & handling.

Liogier, Alain Henri. 1994. La Flora de la Espa[currency]ola. VI. Universided Central del Este, Vol. 70, Serie Cientifica 27: iv + 517. Universidad Central del Este, San Pedro de Macoris, Dominican Republic. ISBN and ISSN not given. Paper. Illus. Price not given. — Ten families are treated; Asclepiadaceae, Convolvulaceae, Polemoniaceae, Hydrophyllaceae, Boraginaceae, Verbenaceae, Avicenniaceae, Labiatae, Solanaceae, and Scrophulariaceae. The flora covers the island of Hispaniola.

Luteyn, James L. (ed.). 1995. Ericaceae — Part II. The Superior-Ovaried Genera (Monotropoideae, Pyroloideae, Rhododendroideae, and Vaccinioideae p.p.). Flora Neotropica 66: pagination not given. Scientific Publications Department, The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY 10458-5126, USA. (telephone: 718/ 817-8721; fax: 718/ 817-8842). ISBN 0-89327-389-9. ISSN 0071-5794. Paper. Illus. $85, plus postage & handling (pre-publication price: $76.50). — This monograph presents systematic treatments of 18 genera and 155 species that occur in the Neotropics. In addition to the treatments prepared by Luteyn, treatments were contributed by Steven E. Clemants, George M. Diggs, Laurence J. Dorr, Walter S. Judd, Paul Sorensen, Peter Stevens, and Gary D. Wallace.

*Meyer, Frederick G., Peter M. Mazzeo, & Donald M. Voss. 1994. A Catalog of Cultivated Woody Plants of the Southeastern United States. United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, United States National Arboretum Contribution No. 7: vii + 330 (+ errata insert). Paper. Illus. Available from: Curator of the Herbarium, U.S. National Arboretum, 3501 New York Ave., NE, Washington, DC 20002-1958, USA.

Miller, Ronald I. (ed.). 1994. Mapping the Diversity of Nature. Chapman & Hall USA, One Penn Plaza, 41st Floor, New York, NY 10119, USA. ISBN 0-412-45510-2. Cloth. Pp. xvii + 218, illus. (incl. color). Price not given. — The contributed papers treat aspects of GIS, Remote Sensing, etc. Many of the applications concern conservation, but they should be applicable to systematic botany as well.

Monnier, Jeannine, Anne Lavondes, Jean-Claude Jolinon, & Puerre Elouard. 1993. Philibert Commerson, Le Decouvreur du Bougainvillier. Association Saint-Guignefort, Mairie, 01400 Ch[infinity]tillon-sur-Chalaronne, France. ISBN 2-950-7924-0-5. Pp. 191, illus. (incl. color). 200 FF, including postage (payment accepted in French Francs only!). — This profusely illustrated volume was published in conjunction with an exhibit on Philibert Commerson (1727-1773) that is now touring France. Although this famous French naturalist has been the subject of several biographies, none has the wealth of illustrations that this book contains. As an aside, I should note that Mme. Monnier is a descendent of the explorer.

Nellis, David W. 1994. Seashore Plants of South Florida and the Caribbean. A Guide to Identification and Propagation of Xeriscape Plants. Pineapple Press, Inc., P.O. Drawer 16008, Southside Station, Sarosota, FL 34239, USA. ISBN 1-56164-026-3 (cloth), 1-56164-056-5 (paper). Pp. 160. Illus. (incl. color). Price not given.

Nelson, E. Charles & Alan Probert. [1994?] A Man Who Can Speak of Plants. Dr. Thomas Coulter (1793-1843) of Dundalk in Ireland, Mexico & Alta California. Published privately. Available from:

Dr. E. C. Nelson, 14 Connaught Parade, Phibsborough, Dublin 7, Ireland. ISBN 0-9524847-0-6. Paper. Pp. 192, illus. (incl. color). $30 (surface postage included). — This biography of an important collector in Mexico is based on Coulter family papers and archival research in Mexico, USA, and Europe. It also includes a full transcript, from the hitherto unpublished original manuscripts, of Thomas Coulter's famous Notes of Upper California (1835).

Rabesa, Zafera A. (avec la collaboration de Sennen Randrianasolo, Corneille J. C. Rasolomanana, & Jean-Pierre Randriamizana). 1986. Pharmacopee de l'Alaotra. Editions Fanantenana, B.P. 6079, 101 Antananarivo, Madagascar. Available from: Centre National d'Application des Recherches Pharmaceutiques, Route d'Alarobia-Analamahitsy, B.P. 702, 101 Antananarivo, Madagascar. ISBN not given. Pp. vii + 288. Paper, illus. (incl. map). Price not given.

Rajbhandari, K. R. 1994. A Bibliography of the Plant Science of Nepal. ISBN not given. Cloth. Pp. xii + 247. Kathmandu. Price unknown. Presumably available from: National Herbarium and Plant Laboratories, P.O. Box 9446, Kathmandu, Nepal. There are a few tools to help one access Asian botanical literature. Nepalese literature was well covered over 20 years ago (See: Dobremez, Vigny & Williams. 1971. Bibliographie du Nepal, 3, Sciences naturelles, 2: Botanique). I believe the present bibliography the first such effort by a Nepali. The bibliography, pp. 3-164, is impressive, including about 3200 citations (Dobremez et al. had only 732 entries). Other features are: 1) 40 pp. of subject index; 2) 13 pp. of place names index; and 3) 18 pp. of scientific name index. The binding is strong but I am dubious about the paper. Occasional minor typos can be found. However, if you want some information about Himalayan plants, this is the best place to start looking. — Dan H. Nicolson, Department of Botany, MRC-166, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560-0001, USA.

Rakotobe, Etienne A., Corneille J. C. Rasolomanana, & Sennen S. Randrianasolo. 1993. Pharmacopees de l'Ambongo et du Boina. Centre d'Information et de Documentation Scientifique et Technique, B.P. 6224, Rue Fernand Kasanga, Andoharano-Tsimbazaza, 101 Antananarivo, Madagascar. Available from: Centre National d'Application des Recherches Pharmaceutiques, Route d'Alarobia-Analamahitsy, B.P. 702, 101 Antananarivo, Madagascar. ISBN not given. Pp. xiii + 727. Paper, illus. (incl. map). Price not given.

Rzedowski, Jerzy & Gabriela Caldercentsn de Rzedowski (eds.). 1991-x. Flora del Bajio y de Regiones Adjacentes. Instituto de Ecologia, A.C., Centro Regional del Bajio, Apartado Postal 386, 61600 P tzcuaro, Michoac n, MEXICO. Order from: Instituto de Ecologia, A.C., Departamento de Publicaciones, Apdo. Postal 63, 91000 Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico. ISSN 0188-5170. Paper. Pagination varies, illus. Prices not given. (See "Flora Projects" for recent fascicles).

Science Publishers, Inc. (SPI) 1995 Catalog. Pp. 54. Science Publishers, Inc., 52 LaBombard Rd. North, Lebanon, NH 03766, USA. (fax: 603/ 448-2576). — In the life sciences, the catalog features titles in agriculture, biotechnology, botany, entomology, fisheries, and forestry/ agroforestry. The catalog also includes an invitation from the General Editor of SPI to prospective authors to contact him at the above address. SPI specializes in the publication of 1) Academic books; 2) Proceedings of conferences and seminars; and 3) Multi-authored, research-oriented, edited volumes of global interest.

*Smith, Andrew B. 1994. Systematics and the Fossil Record: Documenting Evolutionary Patterns. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Inc., 238 Main St., Cambridge, MA 02142, USA. (telephone: 800/759-6102 or 617/876-7000; fax: 617/876-7022). ISBN 0-632-03642-7. Paper. Pp. viii + 223, illus. $32.95, plus shipping & handling ($4.50 shipping and handling if pre-paid).

Sosa, Victoria (ed.). 1978-x. Flora de Veracruz. Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA. (telephone: 714/ 787-4748; fax: 714/ 787-4437) or Instituto de Ecologia, A.C., Apdo. Postal 63, Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico 91000. (telephone: 281/ 86000; fax: 281/ 86910 or 86310). ISSN 0187-425X. Paper. Illus. Pagination varies. Prices not given. (See "Flora Projects" for recent fascicles).

South American Explorers Club Catalog 1994. Pp. 20. South American Explorers Club, 126 Indian Creek Rd., Ithaca, NY 14850, USA. (telephone: 607/ 277-0488). — This club was noted in a previous number of the ASPT Newsletter (1991), but with a different address. Membership might be of interest to those contemplating field work in South America. The catalog features books, maps, and crafts.

Spichiger, Rodolphe & Lorenzo Ramella (eds.). 1994. Flora del Paraguay-23. Gramincae V. Panicoideae. Paniceae. Acroceras Stapf— Panicum L. Pp. 327 [+ insert, pp. iv "Clave de los generos de la tribu Paniceae (Gramineae) presentes en Paraguay"]. Projecto Flora del Paraguay, Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de, Case postale 60, CH-1292 Chambesy, Switzerland. ISBN 2-8277-0525-7. Paper. Illus. (incl. maps). 36F (Swiss), plus postage and handling. — Treatments were contributed by F. O. Zuloaga, O. Morrone, Z. E. R[sterling]golo de Agrasar, A. M. Anton, M. O.

Arriaga, & A. M. Cialdella. *Sprent, J. I. & D. McKey (eds.). 1994. Advances in Legume Systematics. Part 5. The Nitrogen Factor. Publication Sales, The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AB, England. (telephone: [44] 81/ 332 5219; fax: [44] 81/ 332 5278). ISBN 0-947643-77-X. Paper. Pp. x + 241, illus. [ogonek]12, plus 15% postage & handling (Visa, M/C, & Amex accepted).

*Stevens, Peter F. 1994. Development of Biological Systematics. Antoine-Laurent de Jussieu, Nature, and the Natural System. Columbia University Press, 562 W. 113th St., New York, NY 10025, USA. ISBN 0-231-06440-3. Cloth. Pp. xxiii + 616, illus. $65, plus postage & handling.

d'Unienville, R., Guy Rouillard, & P. J. Barnwell (Comite de Publication). 1994. Dictionnaire de Biographie Mauricienne. Dictionary of Mauritian Biography. No. 49: [1505]-1544. Available from: Guy Rouillard, Societe de l'Histoire de l'Ile Maurice, 2, rue de Forberville, Eau Coulee, Mauritius). No ISBN. No ISSN. Paper. Price not given. All 49 published fascicles are available for purchase. — Initiated in 1941, the DBM now includes more than 1700 biographical sketches. Many of these sketches feature botanists, naturalists, or other persons who contributed to systematic botany, horticulture, or sugar cane culture. Fascicle No. 48 (Janvier 1993) contains a cumulative index to names. A sample of those profiled includes: Ayres, Blackburn, Bojer, Bouton, Darwin, Michaux, Poivre, Sonnerat, etc.

White, James J. & Autumn M. Farole (with essays by Maureen Liebl & Sumi Krishna Chauhan). 1994. Natural-History Paintings from Rajasthan. Catalogue of an Exhibition 17 November 1994 to 24 February 1995. Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. ISBN 0-931196-61-4. Paper. Pp. 43, illus. (incl. color). Price not given.

Young, Allen M. 1994. The Chocolate Tree. A Natural History of Cacao. Smithsonian Institution Press, Department 900, Blue Ridge Summit, PA 17294-0900, USA. ISBN 1-56098-357-4. Cloth. Pp. xv + 200, illus. (incl. color). $24.95, plus shipping & postage.

Titles marked with an "*" will be reviewed in a future number of the ASPT Newsletter. — Editor.


Boulter, M. C. (secretary) 1994. IOP Newsletter 52: 1-10. September 1994. University of East London, Romford Rd., London E15 42Z, England. — This newsletter is published by the International Organisation of Palaeobotany (IOP), existing under the umbrella of the International Union of Biological Sciences Section for Paleobotany. The current newsletter announces that the newsletter and other IOP documents are now on the Internet (URL: http:// The hard- copy version also has information on a recent meeting, forthcoming meetings, news of individuals, and an obituary. There are several contributed notes as well.

D'Alcamo, Susan (ed.). 1994. The Jepson Globe. A Newsletter from the Friends of the Jepson Herbarium. Vol. 5( No. 4): 1-6. Friends of the Jepson Herbarium, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. (telephone: 510/ 643-7008). — The issue in hand profiles Bruce Baldwin, the new curator of the Jepson Herbarium. It also contains an obituary of Tsan-Iang Chuang (see "Deaths") written by Lincoln Constance, a report on the first annual symposium (June 1994) sponsored by the Friends of the Jepson Herbarium, and brief notes on herbarium activities.

Daniels, Gilbert S. & Rudolf M. Sterkel (eds.). 1994. Bulletin Heliconia Society International Vol. 7, No. 1/2: 1-24. November 1994. HSI Headquarters, c/o Flamingo Gardens, 3750 Flamingo Rd., Davie, FL 33330, USA. — This bulletin is the quarterly publication of the Heliconia Society International and is available with membership ($35, students $10). It contains a mixture of popular and more serious information. Amongst other items, the present number (illustrated with color photographs) has a report on the VIIIth International Heliconia Conference; a preliminary classification of Heliconia by W. John Kress; a supplement to a bibliography of Heliconia; and a note on gorillas and gingers (which they eat). There are also death notices of three society members: Roberto Burle Marx (1909-1994), David H. Tag (1936-1994), and Walid Riad Taleb (1962-1994).

This is the end of ASPT Newsletter Volume 9(1), January 1995

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